NTI Buddhist Text Reader

Chinese Word Detail

    céng     once / already / former / previously

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Grammar: Adverb
Notes: 曾 has a similar meaning in Literary Chinese to Modern Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 119). For example, 帝嚳高辛者,黃帝之曾孫也。 'Emperor Ku, or Gaoxin was Huangdi's great grandson' (Shiji: Five Emperors 8, translation by Allen)
Parent concept: 时间 (Time)
Topic: Modern Chinese

Other senses of the word:

Pinyin English

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This page was last updated on December 13, 2014.