NTI Buddhist Text Reader

The Lotus Sutra (Miaofa Lianhua Jing) 《妙法蓮華經》

Translated by Kumārajīva

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姚秦 鳩摩羅什譯

共 7 卷

The Lotus Sūtra or Saddharmapuṇḍarīkasūtra (Miaofa Lianhua Jing)
Translated by Kumārajīva in 7 scrolls in the Later Qin


Date 406 and Sanskrit title from Lancaster (Lancaster 2004, 'K 116')

This is the popular translation of the Lotus Sūtra.

English translations: Kern (1884), Tsugunari Kubo & Akira Yuyama (2007), Reeves (2008), Watson (1993)

Primary Source

Kumārajīva, 《妙法蓮華經》 'The Lotus Sutra or Saddharmapuṇḍarīkasūtra (Miaofa Lianhua Jing),' in Taishō shinshū Daizōkyō 《大正新脩大藏經》, in Takakusu Junjiro, ed., (Tokyo: Taishō Shinshū Daizōkyō Kankōkai, 1988), Vol. 9, No. 262, Accessed 2016-08-03, http://tripitaka.cbeta.org/T09n0262.


  1. Kern, H (tr). 1884, Saddharma-Pundarika or, the Lotus Sutra of the True Law, Sacred Books of the East, Vol XXI, (accessed 2016-08-04) http://www.sacred-texts.com/bud/lotus/index.htm.
  2. Kumārajīva, Tsugunari Kubo, Akira Yuyama (tr), 2007, The Lotus Sutra (BDK English Tripitaka), Bdk English Tripitaka Translation Series, Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research, 2nd edition, Berkeley, California: BDK America.
  3. Lancaster, L.R. 2004, The Korean Buddhist Canon: A Descriptive Catalogue, http://www.acmuller.net/descriptive_catalogue.
  4. Reeves, G & Kumārajīva. 2008, The Lotus sutra : a contemporary translation of a Buddhist classic, Boston: Wisdom Publications.
  5. Watson, B (tr) & Kumārajīva. 1993, The Lotus Sutra, New York: Columbia University Press.

Glossary and vocabulary analysis