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NTI Reader

与 (與) yǔ yú yù

  1. conjunction and
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Coordination 并列
    Notes: 与 is used more commonly in written Chinese (Ci Yuan '與' 5; Kroll '與' 3).
  2. verb to give
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense, 与 is similar to 给予 (Kroll '與' 1; Ci Yuan '與' 3).
  3. preposition together with
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Kroll '與' 3)
  4. particle interrogative particle
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: May be used in Literary Chinese to form a question in an equivalent way to 也乎 (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 114; Kroll '與' yú). For example, 為肥甘不足於口與?'... because you have not enough of rich and sweet food for your mouth?' (Mengzi: 1.7/5/22, translation by Legge)
  5. verb to accompany
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense, 与 is similar to 跟从 (Kroll '與' 2; Ci Yuan '與' 1).
  6. verb to particate in
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '與' yù 1; Ci Yuan '與' 10)
  7. noun of the same kind
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense, 与 is similar to 同类 (Ci Yuan '與' 2).
  8. verb to help
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense, 与 is similar to 援助 (Ci Yuan '與' 4).
  9. verb for
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense, 与 is similar to 为 (Ci Yuan '與' 6).

Contained in

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