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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
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zhě zhuó

  1. zhě particle used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: When placed after a single verb, the phrase indicates the person who performs the action (GHC '者' 1; Kroll '者' 1a).
  2. zhě pronoun that
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Used after a numeral 一、二、三 etc to refer to a preceding object (GHC '者' 1)
  3. zhě particle nominalizing function word
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese 者 nominalizes a verb phrase, in the pattern 'VP 者', which means the thing or person that does verb phrase VP. 者 may also stand for the nominalization of the verb phrase as a whole, ie 'the doing of VP.' The difference between the two is distinguised by the context (Kroll '者' 1; GHC '者' 1; Pulleyblank 1995, pp. 66-67). For example, 孝弟也者,其為仁之本與 'Filial piety and fraternal submission! - are they not the root of all benevolent actions' (Lunyu 1:2)?
  4. zhě particle used to mark a definition
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, 者 may be used to mark a definition or as as generalization after a noun or noun phrase (GHC '者' 1; Kroll '者' 3; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 74).
  5. zhě particle used to mark a command
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  6. zhě particle topic marker / that / it
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, 者 may be used after a noun or noun phrase to mark the topic of the sentence (GHC '者' 2; Kroll '者' 2).
  7. zhuó adverb according to
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Interchangable with 着, in the sense of局 处于 (GHC '者' 3).

Contained in

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Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
Scroll 1 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 53
Scroll 2 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 45
Scroll 3 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 92
寧可大王 Scroll 4 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 42
寧可世尊 Scroll 5 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 60
Scroll 1 in Sutra of the Seven Buddhas 《七佛經》 2
病患 Scroll 1 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 8
我等出家 Scroll 2 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 2
何等 Scroll 1 in Qi Fo Fumu Xing Zi Jing 《七佛父母姓字經》 13
Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 154
兄弟 Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 65
能行 Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 84
兄弟 Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 78
如來大神 Scroll 1 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 91
不善威儀 Scroll 2 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 61
禮拜問訊 Scroll 3 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 44
初生 Scroll 1 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 11
淨行 Scroll 2 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 39
入滅 Scroll 1 in Ren Xian Jing 《人仙經》 15
如是樂法 Scroll 1 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 15
有情 Scroll 2 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 38
大智慧 Scroll 3 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 28
Scroll 1 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 6
修行 Scroll 2 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 14
苾芻樂說 Scroll 1 in Sangītisūtra 《大集法門經》 4