经 (經) jīng

  1. jīng verb to go through; to experience
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous in this sense with 经过 jīngguò. For example, 经研究发现 'after research, discovered ...' (Gu Sou Henan, 2015-10-15) This example can be generalized to the pattern 经 (process) (state S) 'go through process P to arrive at state S.' In the example, the process is 研究 'research' and the state was that something was 发现 'discovered.' The subject is implied. The valency is three. 经 jīng also chains verbs together. Notice in the example that both arguments, 研究 'research' and 发现 'discover' are verbs. 经 jīng is the 97th most frequent word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho 2002, '经'). 经 jīng is also used in this sense in classical Chinese (GHDC 2007 '经' 9; Guoyu '經' v 4). For example, 熊經鳥申 'passing their time like the (dormant) bear, and stretching and twisting (the neck) like a bird' (Zhuangzi, Ingrained Ideas 莊子‧刻意; Legge 1891)
  2. jīng noun a sutra; a scripture
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In Buddhism (Guoyu '經' n 7).
  3. jīng noun warp
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: A set of lengthwise threads held in tension on a loom, as opposed to 纬 'warp' (GHDC 2007 '经' 1; Guoyu '經' n 1). For example, in the Book of Changes 周易: 雲,雷,屯;君子以經綸。“(The trigram representing) clouds and (that representing) thunder form Zhun. The superior man, in accordance with this, (adjusts his measures of government) as in sorting the threads of the warp and woof.” (Legge, 1899, Xiang Zhuan - Zhun)
  4. jīng noun longitude
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Geography
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous with 经度 jīngdù in this sense, as opposed to 纬度 wěidù 'latitude.' North-south lines on the map or on the earth (GHDC 2007 '经' 2; Guoyu '經' n 2).
  5. jīng adverb often; regularly; frequently
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 经 is has the same meaning as jīngcháng, 正常 zhèngcháng, 寻常 xúncháng (GHDC 2007 '经' 4; Guoyu '經' adv). For example, 若晝夜之有經 'So it is with the regular phenomena of day and night' (Zhuangzi, The Way of Heaven 莊子‧天道; Legge 1891)
  6. jīng verb to administer; to engage in business; to run; to operate; to manage
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 经营 jīngyíng or 治理 zhìlǐ (GHDC 2007 '经' 7; Guoyu '經' v 3).
  7. jīng noun a woman's period
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '經' n 9)
  8. jīng verb to bear; to endure
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 承受 or 忍受 (Guoyu '經' v 5).
  9. jīng verb to hang; to die by hanging
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 上吊 or 缢死 (GHDC 2007 '经' 10; Guoyu '經' v 6). For example, 二女皆經自殺 'The two ladies took their own lives by hanging themselves.' (Records of the Grand Historian, Annals of Zhou 史記‧周本紀)
  10. jīng noun classics
    Domain: Literature 文学 , Subdomain: China
    Notes: One of the four traditional classifications of literary genre: 经 classics, 子 masters, 史 histories, and 集 collections (Guoyu '經' n 6; Li 2017, p. 163)
  11. jīng verb to be frugal; to save
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 节约.
  12. jīng noun a classic; a scripture; canon
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 经 is the same as 经书 or 经典 (GHDC 2007 '经' 5). Prototypical examples are 诗经 The Book of Songs and 孝經 Xiaojing (Classic of Filial Piety). Giles: ‘The “Canon” of Confucianism. The sūtras of Buddhism and Taoism.’ (Giles 1892 '經') For example, 於是繙十二經以說 'On this he proceeded to give an abstract of the Twelve Classics to bring the other over to his views.' (Zhuangzi, The Way of Heaven 莊子‧天道; Legge 1891) Also, 俱誦墨經 'all repeated the texts of Mo' (Zhuangzi, Tian Xia 莊子‧天下; Legge 1891) Multi-character words related to this sense include 经训, 经术, 经传, and 经典.
  13. jīng noun a standard; a norm
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 常道 chángdào or 规范 guīfàn (GHDC 2007 '经' 3). For example, 君人者,以己出經式義度 'when rulers gave forth their regulations according to their own views and enacted righteous measures ...' (Zhuangzi, The Normal Course for Rulers and Kings 莊子‧應帝王; Legge 1891)
  14. jīng noun a section of a Confucian work
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (GHDC 2007 '经' 6)
  15. jīng verb to measure
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous with 测量 cèliáng in this sense (GHDC 2007 '经' 8).
  16. jīng noun human pulse
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous with 经脉 jīngmài in this sense (GHDC 2007 '经' 11).
  17. jīng noun menstruation; a woman's period
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous with 月经 yuèjīng in this sense (GHDC 2007 '经' 12).
  18. jīng noun sutra; discourse
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: sūtra, Pali: sutta; Japanese: kyō; Tibetan: mdo; the word 'sutra' is an English borrow word from Sanskrit. OED: 'In Sanskrit literature, a short mnemonic rule in grammar, law, or philosophy, requiring expansion by means of a commentary.' (OED Online, “Sutra, n.,” 2015) Monier Williams: “a short sentence or aphoristic rule, and any work or manual consisting of strings of such rules hanging together like threads (these sūtra works form manuals of teaching in ritual, philosophy, grammar … ) … with Buddhists, pāśupatas &c the term sūtra is applied to original text books as opp. to explanatory works” (Monier Williams, “sUtra”, 2008) Prototypical examples of Buddhist sūtras are the Diamond Sutra 金刚经 and the Lotus Sūtra 莲华经 (BL 'sūtra', p. 875).

Contained in

Also contained in

经纪人世界经济论坛公营经济十二经脉知识经济正儿八经经典案例

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 4 Collection of records concerning the Chinese Buddhist Canon (Chu San Zang Ji Ji) 出三藏記集 — count: 1041
  • Scroll 12 Zhou Dynasty Corrected Catalog of Scriptures (Da Zhoukan Ding Zhong Jing Mulu) 大周刊定眾經目錄 — count: 973
  • Scroll 20 Record of Buddhist Teachings Compiled During the Kaiyuan Era 開元釋教錄 — count: 897
  • Scroll 2 Catalog of the Inner Canon of the Great Tang Dynasty 大唐內典錄 — count: 873
  • Scroll 2 Record of Buddhist Teachings Compiled During the Kaiyuan Era 開元釋教錄 — count: 812
  • Scroll 16 Record of Buddhist Teachings Compiled During the Kaiyuan Era 開元釋教錄 — count: 797
  • Scroll 26 Zhen Yuan Era Catalog of Newly Authorized Buddhist Teachings (Zhen Yuan Xin Ding Shijiao Mulu) 貞元新定釋教目錄 — count: 793
  • Scroll 15 Record of Buddhist Teachings Compiled During the Kaiyuan Era 開元釋教錄 — count: 759
  • Scroll 25 Zhen Yuan Era Catalog of Newly Authorized Buddhist Teachings (Zhen Yuan Xin Ding Shijiao Mulu) 貞元新定釋教目錄 — count: 740
  • Scroll 3 Tang Catalog of Sutras and Sastras from Eastern Capital Da Jing Ai Monastery (Zhong Jing Mulu) 眾經目錄 — count: 709

Collocations

  • 经无量 (經無量) 經無量年 — Beginning of the World (Qi Shi Jing) 起世經, Scroll 2 — count: 28
  • 不知经 (不知經) 不知經道 — Nirvāṇa Sūtra 佛般泥洹經, Scroll 1 — count: 7
  • 知经 (知經) 其有智知經者 — Nirvāṇa Sūtra 佛般泥洹經, Scroll 1 — count: 7
  • 经道 (經道) 故演經道 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 10 — count: 6
  • 明经 (明經) 明經者可得作人 — Nirvāṇa Sūtra 佛般泥洹經, Scroll 1 — count: 6
  • 佛说经 (佛說經) 佛說經於天下 — Nirvāṇa Sūtra 般泥洹經, Scroll 1 — count: 5
  • 经时 (經時) 頗經時歲 — Sutra on the Great Reliable Brahman (Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing) 大堅固婆羅門緣起經, Scroll 1 — count: 5
  • 经推 (經推) 當於諸經推其虛實 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 3 — count: 4
  • 经中 (經中) 經中無所疑 — Nirvāṇa Sūtra 佛般泥洹經, Scroll 1 — count: 4
  • 不乐经 (不樂經) 不樂經者 — Nirvāṇa Sūtra 佛般泥洹經, Scroll 1 — count: 3