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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
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经 (經) jīng

  1. jīng verb to go through / to experience
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇 , Subdomain: Actions 行为
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous in this sense with 经过 jīngguò. For example, 经研究发现 'after research, discovered ...' (Gu Sou Henan, 2015-10-15) This example can be generalized to the pattern 经 (process) (state S) 'go through process P to arrive at state S.' In the example, the process is 研究 'research' and the state was that something was 发现 'discovered.' The subject is implied. The valency is three. 经 jīng also chains verbs together. Notice in the example that both arguments, 研究 'research' and 发现 'discover' are verbs. 经 jīng is the 97th most frequent word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '经'). 经 jīng is also used in this sense in classical Chinese (GHDC 2007 '经' 9). For example, 熊經鳥申 'passing their time like the (dormant) bear, and stretching and twisting (the neck) like a bird' (Zhuangzi, Ingrained Ideas 《莊子‧刻意》; Legge 1891)
  2. jīng noun a sutra / a sūtra
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: sūtra; The word 'sutra' is an English borrow word from Sanskrit. OED: 'In Sanskrit literature, a short mnemonic rule in grammar, law, or philosophy, requiring expansion by means of a commentary.' (OED Online, “Sutra, n.,” 2015) Monier Williams: “a short sentence or aphoristic rule , and any work or manual consisting of strings of such rules hanging together like threads (these sūtra works form manuals of teaching in ritual , philosophy , grammar … ) … with Buddhists , pāśupatas &c the term sūtra is applied to original text books as opp. to explanatory works” (Monier Williams, “sUtra”, 2008) Prototypical examples of Buddhist sūtras are the Diamond Sutra 金刚经 and the Lotus Sūtra 莲华经.
  3. jīng noun warp
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A set of lengthwise threads held in tension on a loom, as opposed to 纬 'warp' (GHDC 2007 '经' 1). For example, in the Book of Changes 《周易》: 雲,雷,屯;君子以經綸。“(The trigram representing) clouds and (that representing) thunder form Zhun. The superior man, in accordance with this, (adjusts his measures of government) as in sorting the threads of the warp and woof.” (Legge, 1899, Xiang Zhuan - Zhun)
  4. jīng noun longitude
    Domain: Geography 地理学
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous with 经度 jīngdù in this sense, as opposed to 纬度 wěidù 'latitude.' North-south lines on the map or on the earth (GHDC 2007 '经' 2).
  5. jīng adverb often / regularly / frequently
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as jīngcháng, 正常 zhèngcháng, 寻常 xúncháng (GHDC 2007 '经' 4). For example, 若晝夜之有經 'So it is with the regular phenomena of day and night' (Zhuangzi, The Way of Heaven 《莊子‧天道》; Legge 1891)
  6. jīng verb to administer / to engage in business / to run / to operate / to manage
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 经营 jīngyíng or 治理 zhìlǐ (GHDC 2007 '经' 7).
  7. jīng noun a woman's image
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  8. jīng verb to bear / to endure
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 承受 or 忍受.
  9. jīng verb to hang / to die by hanging
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 上吊 or 缢死 (GHDC 2007 '经' 10). For example, 二女皆經自殺 'The two ladies took their own lives by hanging themselves.' (Records of the Grand Historian, Annals of Zhou 《史記‧周本紀》)
  10. jīng noun an agent / a middleman / a broker
    Domain: Commerce 商务
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 经纪人.
  11. jīng verb to be frugal / to save
    Domain: Economics 经济
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 节约.
  12. jīng noun a classic / a scripture / canon
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 经书, 经典, 道经,or 佛经. (GHDC 2007 '经' 5) Prototypical examples are 诗经 The Book of Songs and 孝經 Xiaojing (Classic of Filial Piety). Giles: ‘The “Canon” of Confucianism. The sūtras of Buddhism and Taoism.’ (GCED '經') For example, 於是繙十二經以說 'On this he proceeded to give an abstract of the Twelve Classics to bring the other over to his views.' (Zhuangzi, The Way of Heaven 《莊子‧天道》; Legge 1891) Also, 俱誦《墨經》 'all repeated the texts of Mo' (Zhuangzi, Tian Xia 《莊子‧天下》; Legge 1891) Multi-character words related to this sense include 经训, 经术, 经传, and 经典.
  13. jīng noun a standard / a norm
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 常道 chángdào or 规范 guīfàn (GHDC 2007 '经' 3). For example, 君人者,以己出經式義度 'when rulers gave forth their regulations according to their own views and enacted righteous measures ...' (Zhuangzi, The Normal Course for Rulers and Kings 《莊子‧應帝王》; Legge 1891)
  14. jīng noun a section of a Confucian work
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (GHDC 2007 '经' 6)
  15. jīng verb to measure
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous with 测量 cèliáng in this sense (GHDC 2007 '经' 8).
  16. jīng noun human pulse
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous with 经脉 jīngmài in this sense (GHDC 2007 '经' 11).
  17. jīng noun menstruation / a woman's period
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous with 月经 yuèjīng in this sense (GHDC 2007 '经' 12).

Contained in

经纬经过已经经济经费宏观经济经济学家微观经济经常经理历经药师经佛经经营者佛说八大人觉经经营未经经历心经般若波罗蜜多心经经济学经验中枢神经系统总经理经销经销商金刚经经典金刚般若波罗蜜经经藏曾经神经中阿含经阿含经大般若经正经财经经商经受世界经济论坛诗经释文经典圆觉经维摩诘经道德经华严经书经尚书经易经六祖坛经坛经

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Collection of records concerning the Chinese Buddhist Canon (Chu San Zang Ji Ji) 《出三藏記集》 Scroll 4 1062
Da Zhoukan Ding Zhong Jing Mulu 《大周刊定眾經目錄》 Scroll 12 999
Kaiyuan Shijiao Lu 《開元釋教錄》 Scroll 20 953
Da Tang Nei Dian Lu 《大唐內典錄》 Scroll 2 908
Kaiyuan Shijiao Lu 《開元釋教錄》 Scroll 2 846
Kaiyuan Shijiao Lu 《開元釋教錄》 Scroll 16 816
Zhen Yuan Xin Ding Shijiao Mulu 《貞元新定釋教目錄》 Scroll 26 811
Kaiyuan Shijiao Lu 《開元釋教錄》 Scroll 15 781
Zhen Yuan Xin Ding Shijiao Mulu 《貞元新定釋教目錄》 Scroll 25 761

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
经无量 經無量 經無量年 Qishi Jing 《起世經》 Scroll 2 24
知经 知經 不知經道 Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 Scroll 1 14
明经 明經 明經者可得作人 Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 Scroll 1 6
经时 經時 佛起本經時 Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 Scroll 1 6
经道 經道 故演經道 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 10 6
经中 經中 經中無所疑 Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 Scroll 1 4
经推 經推 當於諸經推其虛實 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 3 4
佛言经 佛言經 佛說經於天下 Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 Scroll 1 4
经亏损 經虧損 不近不經虧損正法 Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 Scroll 1 3
经六 經六 經六年後歸滿度摩城 Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 Scroll 2 3

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
三十以為一部 Scroll 1 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 2
Scroll 3 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 29
第二分散第四 Scroll 8 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 2
Scroll 10 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 1
第二分清第十三 Scroll 12 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 10
須臾真智相應 Scroll 2 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 6
不可 Scroll 1 in Qi Fo Fumu Xing Zi Jing 《七佛父母姓字經》 1
比丘愚人珍寶 Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 42
何等 Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 20
Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 28
不解法律 Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 2
毘耶離 Scroll 1 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 1
Scroll 2 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 5
一千一來 Scroll 3 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 7
Scroll 1 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 1
佛說 Scroll 2 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 1
聞法 Scroll 1 in Chang Ahan Shi Bao Fa Jing 《長阿含十報法經》 1
天界 Scroll 1 in Śakraparipṛcchā Sūtra 《帝釋所問經》 2
四者 Scroll 1 in Śṛgālavādasūtra 《尸迦羅越六方禮經》 1
教學道經 Scroll 1 in Śṛgālavādasūtra 《善生子經》 1
Scroll 1 in Ambaṭṭhasutta 《佛開解梵志阿颰經》 6
佛說 Scroll 1 in Brahmajālasūtra 《梵網六十二見經》 6
講說 Scroll 1 in Sāmaññaphalasutta 《寂志果經》 3
奉行三十七 Scroll 6 in Dalou Tan Jing 《大樓炭經》 3
Scroll 1 in Qishi Jing 《起世經》 3