NTI Reader
NTI Reader

xiāng xiàng

  1. xiāng adverb each other / one another / mutually
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 互相, for example, in the idiom 自相矛盾 'self-contradictory' (CCI '自相矛盾'; (CCD 1 '相' 1; FE '相' 1; GHDC 1 '相' 1); 相 may be used in this sense in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 136). For example, 獸相食,且人惡之。'Beasts devour one another, and men hate them for doing so.' (Mengzi: 1.4/2/21, translation by Legge)
  2. xiāng verb to observe
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Observation 观察
    Notes: In the sense of 观察 (CCD 2 '相'; GHDC 2 '相' 1)
  3. xiàng noun appearance / portrait / picture
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: (GHDC 2 '相' 2)
  4. xiàng noun lakṣaṇa / countenance / personage / quality / character / disposition
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: lakṣaṇa, Pāli: lakkhaṇa, Japanese: sō (BCSD '相'; BL 'lakṣaṇa'; GHDC 2 '相' 9)
  5. xiāng verb to aid
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 辅助 (GHDC 2 '相' 3)
  6. xiāng noun a chancellor / a prime minister / a high minister
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 宰相 (GHDC 2 '相' 5)
  7. xiàng noun nimitta / a sign / a mark / appearance
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: nimitta, Japanese: sō (BCSD '相'; BL 'nimitta')
  8. xiàng noun a perception / cognition / conceptualization / a notion
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: saṃjñā, Pāli: saññā (BCSD '相')
  9. xiāng adjective mutual
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (CCD 1 '相' 2)
  10. xiāng proper noun Xiang
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (CCD 1 '相' 3; GHDC 1 '相' 4)
  11. xiāng noun form substance
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 实质; FGS translation standard: Form (FE '相' 2; Faxiang; GHDC 1 '相' 3)
  12. xiāng verb to express
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (GHDC 1 '相' 2)
  13. xiāng verb to choose
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 选择 (GHDC 2 '相' 6)
  14. xiāng proper noun Xiang
    Domain: History 历史 , Concept: Ancient City 古城
    Notes: (GHDC 2 '相' 8)
  15. xiāng noun an ancient musical instrument
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (GHDC 2 '相' 10)
  16. xiāng noun the seventh lunar month
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 相月 (GHDC 2 '相' 11)

Contained in

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Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Commentary on the Yogācārabhūmiśāstra 《瑜伽論記》 Scroll 19 703
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 2 670
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 1 644
Notes on the Viṁśatikāvṛtti 《成唯識論述記》 Scroll 2 400
The Large Sūtra on Perfection of Wisdom 《大般若波羅蜜多經》 Scroll 307 394
The Large Sūtra on Perfection of Wisdom 《大般若波羅蜜多經》 Scroll 43 392
Commentary on the Mūlamadhyamakakārikā 《中觀論疏》 Scroll 5 387
Notes on the Viṁśatikāvṛtti 《成唯識論述記》 Scroll 3 383
The Large Sūtra on Perfection of Wisdom 《大般若波羅蜜多經》 Scroll 357 381
The Large Sūtra on Perfection of Wisdom 《大般若波羅蜜多經》 Scroll 45 370