Xiaopin Boreboluomi Jing 小品般若波羅蜜經

The Perfection of Wisdom in Eight Thousand Lines or the Aṣṭasāhasrikā Prajñāpāramitā


小品般若波羅蜜經 後秦 鳩摩羅什譯 共 10 卷 Xiaopin Boreiluomi Sūtra or Perfection of Wisdom in Eight Thousand Lines Translated by Kumārajīva in the Later Qin Kingdom (384-417) in 10 scrolls.


According to Lancaster the translation was performed in 408. (Lancaster, 2004, 'K 7') This sūtra is a version of the Aṣṭasāhasrikāprajñāpāramitāsūtra or Aṣṭa for short, is thought to be the earliest prajñāpāramitāsūtra sūtra. (Buswell and Lopez, 2014, 'Aṣṭasāhasrikāprajñāpāramitā') English translation: Conze translated a Sanskrit version of this sūtra. (Conze, 1973)

Primary Source

Kumārajīva, trans., 《小品般若波羅蜜經》 'Xiaopin Boreiluomi Sūtra or Perfection of Wisdom in Eight Thousand Lines,' in Taishō shinshū Daizōkyō 《大正新脩大藏經》, in Takakusu Junjiro, ed., (Tokyo: Taishō Shinshū Daizōkyō Kankōkai, 1988), Vol. 8, No. 227, Accessed 2016-07-08, http://tripitaka.cbeta.org/T08n0227.


  1. Buswell, Robert E., and Donald S. Lopez, eds. The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014.
  2. Conze, E., 1973. The perfection of wisdom in eight thousand lines & its verse summary. Four Seasons Foundation.
  3. Lancaster, Lewis R. 1968. “An Analysis of the Aṣṭasāhasrikāprajn̄āpārmitāsūtra from the Chinese Translations.” PhD Thesis, University of Michigan.
  4. Lancaster, L.R., 1975. The Oldest Mahayana Sutra: Its Significance for the Study of Buddhist Development. The Eastern Buddhist VIII, https://berkeley.academia.edu/LewisLancaster, accessed 2016-03-16.
  5. Lancaster, L.R., 2004. The Korean Buddhist Canon: A Descriptive Catalogue, http://www.acmuller.net/descriptive_catalogue.
  6. Osborn, Matthew Bryan. 2012. “Chiasmus in the Early Prajñāpāramitā: Literary Parallelism Connecting Criticism & Hermeneutics in an Early Mahāyāna Sūtra.” PhD Thesis, Hong Kong: The University of Hong Kong.

Sanskrit version

Vaidya, P.L. 1961, Aṣṭasāhasrikā prajñāpāramitā, Darbhanga: The Mithila Institute of Post-Graduate Studies and Research in Sanskrit Learning, University of the West Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon, http://www.dsbcproject.org/canon-text/book/68

Tibetan version

BDRC, phags pa shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa brgyad stong pa', accessed 2021-02-25.

Collection vocabulary analysis