Xiaopin Boreboluomi Jing 小品般若波羅蜜經

The Perfection of Wisdom in Eight Thousand Lines or the Aṣṭasāhasrikā Prajñāpāramitā


小品般若波羅蜜經 後秦 鳩摩羅什譯 共 10 卷
Sutra of Perfection of Wisdom in Eight Thousand Lines; Xiaopin Boreiluomi Jing, translated by Kumārajīva in the Later Qin (384-417) in 10 scrolls.


This sūtra is a version of the Aṣṭasāhasrikāprajñāpāramitāsūtra or Aṣṭa for short, is thought to be the earliest prajñāpāramitāsūtra sūtra. (Buswell and Lopez, 2014, 'Aṣṭasāhasrikāprajñāpāramitā')

English Translations

  1. Conze, E. 1973, The Perfection of Wisdom in Eight Thousand Lines & its Verse Summary Four Seasons Foundation.
  2. Huifeng, Shi 2018, “Annotated English Translation of Kumārajīva’s Xiaŏpĭn Prajñāpāramitā Sūtra,” Asian Literature and Translation: A Journal of Religion and Culture 4, no. 1: 187–238.
  3. Lancaster, Lewis R. 1968, An Analysis of theAṣṭasāhasrikāprajn̄āpārmitāsūtra from the Chinese Translations, PhD Thesis, University of Michigan. Partial.


Translation was performed in 408 (Lancaster 2004, 'K 7')


  1. Sanskrit: Vaidya, P.L. 1961, Aṣṭasāhasrikā prajñāpāramitā, Darbhanga: The Mithila Institute of Post-Graduate Studies and Research in Sanskrit Learning, University of the West Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon, http://www.dsbcproject.org/canon-text/book/68.
  2. Tibetan: BDRC, phags pa shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa brgyad stong pa', accessed 2021-02-25.

Primary Source

Kumārajīva, trans., 《小品般若波羅蜜經》 'Xiaopin Boreiluomi Sūtra or Perfection of Wisdom in Eight Thousand Lines,' in Taishō shinshū Daizōkyō 《大正新脩大藏經》, in Takakusu Junjiro, ed., (Tokyo: Taishō Shinshū Daizōkyō Kankōkai, 1988), Vol. 8, No. 227, Accessed 2016-07-08, http://tripitaka.cbeta.org/T08n0227.


  1. Buswell, Robert E., and Donald S. Lopez, eds. The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014.
  2. Lancaster, L.R., 1975. The Oldest Mahayana Sutra: Its Significance for the Study of Buddhist Development. The Eastern Buddhist VIII, https://berkeley.academia.edu/LewisLancaster, accessed 2016-03-16.
  3. Lancaster, L.R., 2004. The Korean Buddhist Canon: A Descriptive Catalogue, http://www.acmuller.net/descriptive_catalogue.
  4. Osborn, Matthew Bryan. 2012. “Chiasmus in the Early Prajñāpāramitā: Literary Parallelism Connecting Criticism & Hermeneutics in an Early Mahāyāna Sūtra.” PhD Thesis, Hong Kong: The University of Hong Kong.

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