NTI Reader
NTI Reader

  1. adverb already / afterwards
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: May be used as a preverbal particle in Classical Chinese to indicate a completed action (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115). For example, 年已七十矣 'he had reached the age of seventy' (Mengzi: 9.9/50/14, translation by Legge)
  2. noun Kangxi radical 49
    Domain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: Alternate form for 己 (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  3. pronoun oneself
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: A third person reflexive pronoun
  4. verb to bring to an end
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense, in Literary Chinese, 已 is a full verb (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115). For example, 人皆謂我毀明堂。毀諸?已乎?'People all tell me to pull down and remove the Hall of Distinction. Shall I pull it down, or stop the movement for that object?' (Mengzi: 2.5/9/22, translation by Legge)
  5. particle final aspectual particle
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: This literary Chinese final particle is sometimes found after noun predicates, indicating a change in knowledge about the state of things. For example, 是亂國已 one can tell that this is a disorderly country (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 19 after Xun 10/89).
  6. conjunction afterwards / thereafter
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
  7. adverb too / very / excessively
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: May be used in this sense in preclassical Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115)

Contained in

已经已知早已不得已而已死而后已已过时木已成舟闻已已然语气已今当波罗阇已迦波罗阇已迦已生的善法,令它增长已生的恶法,使它断除已知根万不得已迫不得已已婚所应断已断三心已明心灯已亮讫已

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Abhidharmavijñānakāyapādaśāstra (Apidamo Shi Shen Zu Lun) 《阿毘達磨識身足論》 Scroll 12 360
Abhidharmavijñānakāyapādaśāstra (Apidamo Shi Shen Zu Lun) 《阿毘達磨識身足論》 Scroll 9 357
Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 《四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔》 Scroll 2 342
Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 《四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔》 Scroll 1 339
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 1 328
Abhidharmamahāvibhāṣaśāstra (Apidamo Dapiposha Lun) 《阿毘達磨大毘婆沙論》 Scroll 111 317
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 2 316
Shijia Pu 《釋迦譜》 Scroll 1 291
Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 《四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔》 Scroll 3 258
Abhidharmamahāvibhāṣaśāstra (Apidamo Dapiposha Lun) 《阿毘達磨大毘婆沙論》 Scroll 184 247