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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

  1. adverb already / afterwards
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: May be used as a preverbal particle in Classical Chinese to indicate a completed action (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115). For example, 年已七十矣 'he had reached the age of seventy' (Mengzi: 9.9/50/14, translation by Legge)
  2. noun Kangxi radical 49
    Domain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: Alternate form for 己 (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  3. pronoun oneself
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A third person reflexive pronoun
  4. verb to bring to an end
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense, in Literary Chinese, 已 is a full verb (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115). For example, 人皆謂我毀明堂。毀諸?已乎?'People all tell me to pull down and remove the Hall of Distinction. Shall I pull it down, or stop the movement for that object?' (Mengzi: 2.5/9/22, translation by Legge)
  5. particle final aspectual particle
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: This literary Chinese final particle is sometimes found after noun predicates, indicating a change in knowledge about the state of things. For example, 是亂國已 one can tell that this is a disorderly country (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 19 after Xun 10/89).
  6. conjunction afterwards / thereafter
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  7. adverb too / very / excessively
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: May be used in this sense in preclassical Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115)

Contained in

已经已知早已不得已而已死而后已已过时木已成舟闻已已然语气已今当波罗阇已迦波罗阇已迦已生的善法,令它增长已生的恶法,使它断除已知根万不得已三心已明心灯已亮

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
即便 Scroll 1 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 28
大臣禹舍 Scroll 2 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 45
示教利喜 Scroll 3 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 65
人間福報 Scroll 4 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 49
頭面禮佛 Scroll 5 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 51
如是 Scroll 1 in Sutra of the Seven Buddhas 《七佛經》 25
世尊 Scroll 1 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 18
世尊 Scroll 2 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 25
Scroll 1 in Qi Fo Fumu Xing Zi Jing 《七佛父母姓字經》 6
Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 14
Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 10
Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 50
波旬 Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 57
Scroll 1 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 26
Scroll 2 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 31
Scroll 3 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 41
Scroll 1 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 28
退一面 Scroll 2 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 37
入滅 Scroll 1 in Ren Xian Jing 《人仙經》 18
見佛世尊鹿母經行 Scroll 1 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 4
Scroll 2 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 32
Scroll 3 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 26
今日 Scroll 1 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 10
Scroll 2 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 7
頭面世尊 Scroll 1 in Sangītisūtra 《大集法門經》 19