NTI Buddhist Text Reader

Options
Match type:

{{results.msg}}

Dictionary Search Results
Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

le liǎo

  1. le particle completion of an action
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Aspectual Particle 动态助词
    Notes: In this usage 了 is an aspectual particle 动态助词. Here 了 is placed after the verb and before its object to indicate that an action has been completed (Li Shaoqi, 2003, pp. 430-431; Ho, 2002, '了' 1). For example, 他似乎明白了点 'he seemed to understand something.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 218) In this example the verb is 明白 'understand' and the object is 点 '[a little] something.' 了 cannot be used for non-action verbs, such as 喜欢, 是, 像. If there are two verbs in series then 了 should be placed after the second verb. 了 is the third most frequent word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '了').
  2. liǎo verb to know / to understand
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Thought 思想
    Notes: Frequently used as a potential complement.
  3. le particle modal particle
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Modal Particle 语气助词
    Notes: In this use 了 appears at the end of a sentence as a modal particle 语气助词. Use as a modal particle differs from use as an aspectual particle after a verb in that a modal particle indicates the completion of the action for the whole sentence. Sometimes a modal particle is omitted if the sentence contains an aspectual particle and the action of the sentence is simple. There are two common uses: 1. 了 may be used at the end of a sentence to indicate a newly emerged condition (Ho, 2002, '了' 2; Sun 2006, loc. 885). For example, 一切的路都封上了 'All the roads were closed.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 175) 2. 了 may be used at the end of a sentence to indicate a reminder, advice, or urging.
  4. le particle particle used in certain fixed expressions
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Particle 助词
    Notes: In this use 了 is used in a set of fixed expressions, including 太...了, ...极了, 对了, and 好了 (Ho, 2002, '了' 3; Li Shaoqi, 2003, p. 433). For example, 你帮几天忙好了 'Please help for a few days.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 176)

Contained in

了解不了得了为了了不起除了_以外极了不得了算了对了除了了如指掌一目了然大方广圆觉修多罗了义经了别了脱明了了知了菴清欲了菴清欲禅师语录佛说了义般若波罗蜜经吃得了吃不了了义不了义佛说长者女菴提遮师子吼了义经长者女菴提遮师子吼了义经相续解脱地波罗蜜了义经相续解脱如来所作随顺处了义经了本生死经大方广圆觉修多罗了义经大佛顶如来密因修证了义诸菩萨万行首楞严经律二十二明了论大方广圆觉修多罗了义经略疏成唯识论了义灯了悟了简依了义不依不了义不了义经简单明了了然了了分明了知因缘了悟人生了悟心源了悟真心了无分别了然如是了然于心心安了么?心花开了

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Sarvāstivādavinaya (Shi Song Lu) 《十誦律》 Scroll 5 154
Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 《大般涅槃經義記》 Scroll 8 151

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
何時 Scroll 1 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 2
Scroll 2 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 3
遠離 Scroll 8 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 1
無生 Scroll 2 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 1
Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 1
正見正要知見 Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 3
Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 2
Scroll 1 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 1
Scroll 2 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 3
邊際 Scroll 1 in Ren Xian Jing 《人仙經》 2
三明 Scroll 1 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 1
Scroll 2 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 3
Scroll 2 in Sangītisūtra 《大集法門經》 10
Scroll 2 in Chang Ahan Shi Bao Fa Jing 《長阿含十報法經》 1
正法 Scroll 1 in Śakraparipṛcchā Sūtra 《帝釋所問經》 4
一法一法 Scroll 1 in Xin Fo Gongde Jing 《信佛功德經》 3
無所有 Scroll 1 in Ambaṭṭhasutta 《佛開解梵志阿颰經》 1
所知 Scroll 1 in Brahmajālasūtra 《梵網六十二見經》 9
如此 Scroll 1 in Sāmaññaphalasutta 《寂志果經》 4
第十六天上居處 Scroll 5 in Dalou Tan Jing 《大樓炭經》 1
我等 Scroll 4 in Qishi Jing 《起世經》 1
不能 Scroll 5 in Qishi Jing 《起世經》 1
Scroll 3 in Qi Shi Yin Ben Jing 《起世因本經》 1
我等 Scroll 4 in Qi Shi Yin Ben Jing 《起世因本經》 1
不能 Scroll 5 in Qi Shi Yin Ben Jing 《起世因本經》 1