de dé děi

  1. de particle potential marker
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Structural Particle 结构助词
    Notes: In this use, 得 is a sentence particle used after a verb to show possibility. 得 must be placed after a verb or adjective and before a complement of degree (ABC 'de' 得 sp; Kroll 2015 '得' 3; NCCED de '得' 1).
  2. verb to obtain / to get / to gain / to attain / to win
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: The verb 得 may be used before a noun or pronoun or with a following verb. 得 is used in this sense in both literary and modern Chinese (ABC 'dé' 得 v 1; GCED '得'; Kroll 2015 '得' 1; NCCED dé '得' 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 122). For example, in literary Chinese, 是故君子有大道,必忠信以得之 'Thus we see that the sovereign [junzi] has a great course to pursue. He must show entire self-devotion and sincerity to attain it.' (Book of Rites, Great Learning 《禮記‧大學》, trans. by Legge 1885)
  3. děi adverb must / ought to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (ABC 'děi' 得 aux; NCCED děi '得' 2)
  4. děi verb to want to / to need to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (ABC 'děi' 得 v 1; NCCED děi '得' 1)
  5. děi auxiliary verb must / ought to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense, 得 is an auxiliary verb expressing obligation. The negative form is 不用 or 不要. It began to be used in this sense from the Tang (ABC 'děi' 得 v 2; NCCED děi '得' 3; Norman 1988, p. 125).
  6. foreign de
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Foreign Language 外语
    Notes: Used to transliterate foreign names
  7. de infix infix potential marker
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: 得 is one of the two infixes in Chinese, the other being 不 'not'. For example, 看得见 'can see' and 找得到 'can find' (ABC 'de' 得 infix; Kroll 2015 '得' 2; NCCED de '得' 2; Sun 2006, loc. 728).
  8. verb to result in
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (ABC 'dé' 得 v 2; NCCED dé '得' 9)
  9. verb to be proper / to fit / to suit
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (ABC 'dé' 得 v 3; NCCED dé '得' 4)
  10. verb to be satisfied
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (ABC 'dé' 得 v 4; NCCED dé '得' 5)
  11. verb to be finished
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Spoken Language 口语
    Notes: (ABC 'dé' 得 v 5; NCCED dé '得' 6)
  12. de particle result of degree
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Structural Particle 结构助词
    Notes: In this use, 得 is a sentence particle used after a verb to show effect or degree (NCCED de '得' 3). For example, 他都知道得清清楚楚 'he knows everything very clearly.' (Ye Shengtao, 1999, p. 6)
  13. de particle marks completion of an action
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this use in spoken Chinese, 得 is a sentence particle used after a verb to show completion of an action (NCCED de '得' 4).
  14. děi adjective satisfying
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (NCCED děi '得' 4)
  15. verb to contract
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Health 健康
    Notes: a disease (NCCED dé '得' 2)
  16. particle marks permission or possibility
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (NCCED dé '得' 3)
  17. particle expressing frustration
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Spoken Language 口语
    Notes: (NCCED dé '得' 8)
  18. verb to hear
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: To obtain information by hearing it (Kroll 2015 '得' 1a)
  19. verb to have / there is
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '得' 4)
  20. verb marks time passed
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 得 is used before a time word (Kroll 2015 '得' 5)

Contained in

佛得角佛得角埃斯库多取得得到赢得获得所见即所得所得税安得不得懂得得知所得得了觉得使得难得夺得记得值得显得得很不得不不得了来得及认得晓得心得不见得不由得得病得意对得起多劳多得怪不得恨不得免得舍不得舍得省得得罪只得总得不得已得不偿失得力得以顾不得求得自得憋得慌

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 4 Notes on the Abhidharmakośabhāṣya 《俱舍論記》 — count: 640
  • Scroll 5 Sarvāstivādavinaya (Shi Song Lu) 《十誦律》 — count: 598
  • Scroll 91 The Large Sūtra on Perfection of Wisdom 《大般若波羅蜜多經》 — count: 586
  • Scroll 3 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 《四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔》 — count: 580
  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 《四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔》 — count: 574
  • Scroll 90 The Large Sūtra on Perfection of Wisdom 《大般若波羅蜜多經》 — count: 504
  • Scroll 45 The Large Sūtra on Perfection of Wisdom 《大般若波羅蜜多經》 — count: 500
  • Scroll 52 Sarvāstivādavinaya (Shi Song Lu) 《十誦律》 — count: 468
  • Scroll 158 Abhidharmamahāvibhāṣaśāstra (Apidamo Dapiposha Lun) 《阿毘達磨大毘婆沙論》 — count: 467
  • Scroll 1 Fo Shuo Mulian Wen Jie Lu Zhong Wu Bai Qing Zhong Shi 《佛說目連問戒律中五百輕重事》 — count: 445