1. adverb already
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: May be used as a preverbal particle in Classical Chinese to indicate a completed action (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115). For example, 年已七十矣 'he had reached the age of seventy' (Mengzi: 9.9/50/14, translation by Legge; Guoyu '已' adv 1; Kroll 2015 '已' 2, p. 546; Unihan '已'; XHZD '已' 2, p. 886)
  2. noun Kangxi radical 49
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Radicals
    Notes: Alternate form for 己 (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  3. preposition from
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: As a variant of 以 (Kroll 2015 '已' 4, p. 546)
  4. verb to bring to an end; to stop
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense, in Literary Chinese, 已 is a full verb (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115). For example, 人皆謂我毀明堂。毀諸?已乎?'People all tell me to pull down and remove the Hall of Distinction. Shall I pull it down, or stop the movement for that object?' (Mengzi: 2.5/9/22, translation by Legge; CC-CEDICT '已'; Guoyu '已' v 1; Kroll 2015 '已' 1, p. 546; Unihan '已'; XHZD '已' 1, p. 886)
  5. particle final aspectual particle
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: This literary Chinese final particle is sometimes found after noun predicates, indicating a change in knowledge about the state of things. For example, 是亂國已 one can tell that this is a disorderly country (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 19 after Xun 10/89; Guoyu '已' particle)
  6. conjunction afterwards; thereafter
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 然后 (Guoyu '已' adv 3; XHZD '已' 3, p. 886)
  7. adverb too; very; excessively
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: May be used in this sense in preclassical Chinese (Guoyu '已' adv 2; Kroll 2015 '已' 3, p. 546; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115; ; XHZD '已' 4, p. 886)
  8. verb to complete
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 完成 (Guoyu '已' v 2)
  9. verb to demote; to dismiss
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 黜退 (Guoyu '已' v 3)
  10. verb to recover from an illness
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 病愈 (Guoyu '已' v 4)
  11. adverb certainly
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 一定 (Guoyu '已' adv 4)
  12. interjection an interjection of surprise
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Like 哎 (Guoyu '已' adv 4)
  13. pronoun this
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 此 (Guoyu '已' pronoun)
  14. adverb former; pūrvaka
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: pūrvaka (BCSD '已', p. 411; MW 'pūrvaka')
  15. adjective former; pūrvaka
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: pūrvaka, Japanese: i (BCSD '已', p. 411; MW 'pūrvaka'; SH '已', p. 103; Unihan '已')

Contained in

Also contained in

已开发国家米已成炊悔之已晚木已成舟无已年已蹉跎已然已婚鞠躬尽瘁,死而后已不能自已往事已矣不为已甚相去日已远已往万不得已业已死而后已已经已久难以自已缠绵不已已成形赞叹不已既已诛求无已不已年事已高而已已作故人说说而已岁月忽已晚三氯已烷已故久已衣带日已缓迫不得已寿数已尽惊叹不已已作出保

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 9 Abhidharmavijñānakāyapādaśāstra (Apidamo Shi Shen Zu Lun) 阿毘達磨識身足論 — count: 357
  • Scroll 12 Abhidharmavijñānakāyapādaśāstra (Apidamo Shi Shen Zu Lun) 阿毘達磨識身足論 — count: 357
  • Scroll 1 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔 — count: 329
  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔 — count: 328
  • Scroll 1 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 304
  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 298
  • Scroll 1 Shijia Pu 釋迦譜 — count: 273
  • Scroll 5 Abhidharmavijñānakāyapādaśāstra (Apidamo Shi Shen Zu Lun) 阿毘達磨識身足論 — count: 241
  • Scroll 3 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔 — count: 235
  • Scroll 111 Abhidharmamahāvibhāṣaśāstra (Apidamo Dapiposha Lun) 阿毘達磨大毘婆沙論 — count: 220