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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

  1. adverb naturally / of course / certainly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Characteristic 特点
    Notes: In the sense of 自然 (CCD 1 '自' 1; GHDC '自' 4)
  2. preposition from / since
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 从 (CCD 2 '自'; GHDC '自' 5)
  3. pronoun oneself / itself
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 自 means 自己. In Literary Chinese this relfexive personal pronoun always occurs in front of a verb (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 83). For example, 所謂誠其意者,毋自欺也 What is meant by 'making the thoughts sincere.' is the allowing no self-deception.' (The Classic of Rites, The Great Learning《禮記‧大學》, trans. by Legge 1885; CCD 1 '自' 2; GHDC '自' 1)
  4. noun Kangxi radical 132
    Domain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  5. verb to come from / to follow
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  6. noun a nose
    Domain: Health 健康
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 自 has the same meaning as 鼻子.
  7. noun the beginning
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 自 has the same meaning as 开头 (GHDC '自' 2).
  8. noun origin
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 自 has the same meaning as 起源 (GHDC '自' 3).
  9. adverb originally
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 自 has the same meaning as 本来.
  10. adverb still / to remain
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 自 has the same meaning as 仍旧 or 依然 (GHDC '自' 9).
  11. adverb in person / personally
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 自 has the same meaning as 亲自.
  12. adverb in addition /besides
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 自 has the same meaning as 别自 or 另外.
  13. conjunction if / even if
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 自 has the same meaning as 假如 (GHDC '自' 8).
  14. conjunction but
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 自 has the same meaning as 可是.
  15. conjunction because
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 自 has the same meaning as 因为 and 由于 (GHDC '自' 6).
  16. verb to employ / to use
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 自 has the same meaning as 用 (GHDC '自' 7).
  17. verb to be
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 自 has the same meaning as 是.

Contained in

阿期自自己大自然自由自身自主来自亲自自行车各自自转自在宁夏回族自治区自治区自动化自动自然自行自从自信自强观自在菩萨广西壮族自治区自我自助出自自告奋勇自由体操自由泳自古自费自觉自学独自自私自豪自来水自满自始至终自相矛盾自言自语自愿自治独立自主自动仪擅自私自自卑自发自负盈亏自力更生

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
如來 Scroll 1 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 27
念言 Scroll 2 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 29
憶念 Scroll 3 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 33
Scroll 4 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 40
思惟 Scroll 5 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 46
受持近事五戒 Scroll 1 in Sutra of the Seven Buddhas 《七佛經》 1
端坐思惟 Scroll 1 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 9
神力威德 Scroll 2 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 2
群臣 Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 63
思惟身體 Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 40
越祇民眾 Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 76
Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 48
Scroll 1 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 21
Scroll 2 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 31
Scroll 3 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 20
Scroll 1 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 7
Scroll 2 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 15
Scroll 1 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 7
Scroll 2 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 6
Scroll 3 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 9
苾芻各處 Scroll 1 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 17
一向 Scroll 2 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 4
Scroll 1 in Sangītisūtra 《大集法門經》 4
Scroll 2 in Sangītisūtra 《大集法門經》 3
解脫 Scroll 1 in Chang Ahan Shi Bao Fa Jing 《長阿含十報法經》 13