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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
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zài

  1. zài verb in / at
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: This sense of 在 indicates the location of the subject (NCCED '在' 2). For example, 祥子蹲在烤旁 'Xiangzi squatted besides the stove.'(Lao She, 2003, p. 216) In this example, the verb 蹲 'squat' precedes 在 but in some cases it may follow 在 after the location referred to. For example, 孩子...在院里玩耍... 'the child was in the courtyard playing.'(Lao She, 2003, p. 220) 在 is the seventh most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '在').
  2. zài preposition at
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Position 位
    Notes: In this sense, 在 helps to indicate time, place, direction or scope (Li Shaoqi, 2003, pp. 404-407; NCCED '在' 6) 1. Time: 在 may be placed before a verb, adjective, or the subject to introduce time. For example, 世卫组织表示将在十一月发布建议 'The World Health Organization said that they would publish a recommendation in November.' 2. Place. For example, 火箭在距发射台约九公里处 'when the rocket was at a location approximately 90 kilometers from the launch pad.' (VOA, 2015-12-23) 3. Scope. For example, 总统在演讲中... 'while the president was giving a speech ...' (VOA, 2007-7-5)
  3. zài adverb when / indicates that someone or something is in the process of doing something
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Li Shaoqi, 2003, p. 224; NCCED '在' 5; Ho, 2002, '在' 3) For example, 科学家们一直在探寻... 'Scientists have been continuously searching ...' (VOA, 2015-07-25)
  4. zài verb to exist / to be living
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5; Ho, 2002, '在' 2)
  5. zài verb to consist of
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5)
  6. zài verb to be at a post
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5)

Contained in

现在在于正在存在在此在此之前在线潜在自在在内观自在菩萨内在所在在华实在不在乎好在在座在乎在意在朝实实在在在家人观自在常在自在天魔逍遥自在在世在位旨在大自在陀罗尼神咒经大自在天现在分词在阿兰若处他化自在天觉华定自在王如来定自在王在生十相自在过去现在因果经早在存在主义在外自在王菩萨经现在贤劫千佛名经佛说大自在天子因地经大自在天子因地经金刚顶经观自在王如来修行法金刚顶经瑜伽观自在王如来修行法释迦牟尼佛成道在菩提树降魔赞观自在大悲成就瑜伽莲华部念诵法门

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
居在 居在 居在安和城 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 2

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
Scroll 1 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 17
羅閱城耆闍崛山 Scroll 2 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 14
Scroll 3 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 28
世尊那竭城生處 Scroll 4 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 15
羅閱祇耆闍崛山 Scroll 5 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 26
舍衛國祇樹給孤獨園 Scroll 1 in Sutra of the Seven Buddhas 《七佛經》 1
毘婆尸因位 Scroll 1 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 2
一時王舍城七葉巖 Scroll 2 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 1
舍衛國 Scroll 1 in Qi Fo Fumu Xing Zi Jing 《七佛父母姓字經》 1
王舍國山中 Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 40
Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 30
道意 Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 20
聖哲 Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 18
毘耶離講堂 Scroll 1 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 12
Scroll 2 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 16
我等之中 Scroll 3 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 12
世尊王舍城山中 Scroll 1 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 4
Scroll 2 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 1
那提精舍 Scroll 1 in Ren Xian Jing 《人仙經》 4
世尊舍衛國園林鹿母 Scroll 1 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 1
世尊王舍城迦蘭陀竹林精舍 Scroll 1 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 3
梵志 Scroll 2 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 1
舍衛國祇樹給孤獨園 Scroll 1 in Chang Ahan Shi Bao Fa Jing 《長阿含十報法經》 8
行者 Scroll 2 in Chang Ahan Shi Bao Fa Jing 《長阿含十報法經》 37
Scroll 1 in Ren Ben Yu Sheng Jing 《人本欲生經》 5