NTI Reader
NTI Reader

来 (來) lái

  1. lái verb to come
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Motion 运动
    Notes: An intransitive verb indicating motion towards the speaker. For example, 你回来啦! 'You have come back!' (Lao She, 2003, p. 176) 来 is used in this sense in both modern and literary Chinese (Kroll '來' 2). 来 is the 11th most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '来' 1; NCCED '来' 1).
  2. lái particle indicates an approximate quantity
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 助2)
  3. lái verb please
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Social Interaction 交际
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '来' 3)
  4. lái verb used to substitute for another verb
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 5; Ho, 2002, '来' 2)
  5. lái verb used between two word groups to express purpose and effect
    Domain: Spoken Language 口语
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 9)
  6. lái particle ever since
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense, 来 is used after a time expression (NCCED '来' 3). For example, 几十年来 'n the last few years.' (VOA, 2015-07-25) This sense is also used in literary Chinese (Kroll '來' 4).
  7. lái noun wheat
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '來' 1)
  8. lái adjective next / future
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 以来 (NCCED '来' 1; Kroll '來' 3). For example, 来日绮窗前 'In future days in front of the carved window ...' (Wang Wei, Lines in Complete Tang Poems, Scroll 118)
  9. lái verb a simple complement of direction
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Motion 运动
    Notes: 来 is used in this sense after a verb or verb phrase to indicate movement towards the speaker (NCCED '来' 5). For example, 一出来 'as soon as he came out ...' (Lao She, 2003, p. 260)
  10. lái verb to occur / to arise
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 4)
  11. lái verb to earn
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 11)

Contained in

马来西亚马来西亚令吉来源以来带来出来原来起来来自未来从来西来寺本来到来即将来临来临如来突如其来素来过来回来将来进来上来下来后来近来看来来不及来得及来信越来越_对_来说来宾来回来客来往拿_来说往来向来这样一来自来水从_看来胡来看起来来访来回来去来看来历来年_来说_

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
应来 應來 彼不應來此 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 15 59
来语 來語 為諸天來語 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 11
来问 來問 來問我者 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 2 8
行来 行來 舉國男女行來舉動 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 5 7
来父母 來父母 此婆羅門七世已來父母真正 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 13 7
人来 人來 彼大眾中有一人來至我所 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 3 6
远来 遠來 諸清信士聞佛與諸大眾遠來至此巴陵樹下 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 2 6
来处 來處 都不見其神去來處 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 7 5
诸天来 諸天來 為諸天來語 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 5
今来 今來 今來何早 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 4 4