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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

来 (來) lái

  1. lái verb to come
    Domain: Movement 移动
    Notes: An intransitive verb indicating motion towards the speaker. For example, 你回来啦! 'You have come back!' (Lao She, 2003, p. 176) 来 is used in this sense in both modern and literary Chinese (Kroll '來' 2). 来 is the 11th most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '来' 1; NCCED '来' 1).
  2. lái particle indicates an approximate quantity
    Domain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 助2)
  3. lái verb please
    Domain: Social Interaction 交际
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '来' 3)
  4. lái verb used to substitute for another verb
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 5; Ho, 2002, '来' 2)
  5. lái verb used between two word groups to express purpose and effect
    Domain: Spoken Language 口语
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 9)
  6. lái particle ever since
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense, 来 is used after a time expression (NCCED '来' 3). For example, 几十年来 'n the last few years.' (VOA, 2015-07-25) This sense is also used in literary Chinese (Kroll '來' 4).
  7. lái noun wheat
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '來' 1)
  8. lái adjective next / future
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 以来 (NCCED '来' 1; Kroll '來' 3). For example, 来日绮窗前 'In future days in front of the carved window ...' (Wang Wei, Lines in Complete Tang Poems, Scroll 118)
  9. lái verb a simple complement of direction
    Domain: Movement 移动
    Notes: 来 is used in this sense after a verb or verb phrase to indicate movement towards the speaker (NCCED '来' 5). For example, 一出来 'as soon as he came out ...' (Lao She, 2003, p. 260)
  10. lái verb to occur / to arise
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 4)
  11. lái verb to earn
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 11)

Contained in

马来西亚马来西亚令吉来源越来越多以来带来出来原来起来来自未来从来西来寺本来到来即将来临来临如来突如其来素来过来回来将来进来上来下来后来近来看来来不及来得及来信越来越_对_来说来宾来回来客来往拿_来说往来向来这样一来自来水从_看来胡来看起来来访来回来去来看来历来年

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
来生 來生 故來生此 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 13
来语 來語 為諸天來語 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 11
善来 善來 善來 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 9
行来 行來 舉國男女行來舉動 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 5 7
来到 來到 何由能得來到此眾 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 11 6
人来 人來 彼大眾中有一人來至我所 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 3 6
来问 來問 來問我者 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 2 6
远来 遠來 諸清信士聞佛與諸大眾遠來至此巴陵樹下 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 2 6
心来 心來 懷歡喜心來到比丘眾林中 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 12 5
来处 來處 都不見其神去來處 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 7 5

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
說文 Scroll 15 in The Sounds and Meanings of all the Terms in the Canonical Texts 《一切經音義》 1
禮記說文整齊 Scroll 32 in The Sounds and Meanings of all the Terms in the Canonical Texts 《一切經音義》 1
之間說文 Scroll 51 in The Sounds and Meanings of all the Terms in the Canonical Texts 《一切經音義》 1
Scroll 1 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 17
信士大眾 Scroll 2 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 7
Scroll 3 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 12
Scroll 4 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 33
耆闍崛山 Scroll 5 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 16
七佛諸如 Scroll 1 in Sutra of the Seven Buddhas 《七佛經》 4
衰老 Scroll 1 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 2
Scroll 2 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 10
何等年紀 Scroll 1 in Qi Fo Fumu Xing Zi Jing 《七佛父母姓字經》 5
Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 38
滿 Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 37
國有沙門四方 Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 21
稽首作禮 Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 35
可取 Scroll 1 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 15
與其 Scroll 2 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 36
日日 Scroll 3 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 31
Scroll 1 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 4
輔相堅固婆羅門即時 Scroll 2 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 7
人間 Scroll 1 in Ren Xian Jing 《人仙經》 7
Scroll 1 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 1
Scroll 2 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 13
主見盜竊 Scroll 3 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 4
和合長者 Scroll 1 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 14
以外 Scroll 2 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 2
行道 Scroll 2 in Chang Ahan Shi Bao Fa Jing 《長阿含十報法經》 3