NTI Reader
NTI Reader

xiàng

  1. xiàng noun figure / image / appearance
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 形状 (ABC 'xiàng' 象 bf 1; Guoyu '象' n 2; Kroll '象' 2; NCCED '象' 2; Unihan '象')
  2. xiàng noun elephant
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Concept: Animal 动物
    Notes: In the sense of 大象. Measure word: 头 individual, 只 individual, or 群 group. Also used in this sense in classical Chinese. For example, in Shuo Wen Jie Zi, Scroll 10 《說文解字‧卷十》: 象:長鼻牙,南越大獸 'Elephant: a large beast from Nanyue [Vietnam] with a long snout and tusks.' (ABC 'xiàng' 象 n; Guoyu '象' n 1; Kroll '象' 1; NCCED '象' 1; Unihan '象')
  3. xiàng verb to be like
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
  4. xiàng noun ivory
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '象' 1; Unihan '象')
  5. xiàng verb to seem
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 相似, same as 像 (Guoyu '象' v 1)
  6. xiàng noun premier
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: A piece in Chinese chess (NCCED '象' 4)
  7. xiàng noun a representation / an icon / an effigy
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '象' 2b)
  8. xiàng noun phenomena
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: As in 天象 celestial phenomena (Kroll '象' 2c)
  9. xiàng noun a decree / an ordinance / a law
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 法令 or 法律 (Guoyu '象' n 3)
  10. xiàng noun image commentary
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: A short passage in the 《易經》 Book of Changes interpreting an image (Guoyu '象' n 3; Schaberg 2017, p. 180)
  11. xiàng noun a kind of weapon
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: With a sharp point, used in ancient China in war and dancing. For example, in the 《詩經·周頌·維清》 Book of Songs, Sacrificial odes of Zhou - Qing Miao: 奏象舞也 'with music for the xiang dance' (Guoyu '象' n 5)
  12. xiàng proper noun Xiang
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '象' n 6)
  13. xiàng verb to imitate
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 效法 (ABC 'xiàng' 象 bf 2; Guoyu '象' v 2; Kroll '象' 2a; NCCED '象' 3). For example, in the 《左傳·昭公》 Zuo Zhuan, Lord Zhao: 言則而象之也 'This is saying that he followed the example and took it as a model' (Durant 2016, p. 1380).

Contained in

现象气象气象局对象大象形象象征想象象词象声词抽象景象抽象窗口工具库印象象棋组件对象模式组件对象模型对象标识文件对象模式联合图象专家组图象移动图象专家组移动图象专家组格式对象连接与嵌入简单对象访问协议迹象象形观象台古观象台天象包罗万象森罗万象意象象形文字星象象牙象泉河白象乘象入胎象征主义骑象罗汉历象脉象现象学幻象象郡象林县象林气象预报国家气象局气象卫星

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Vinayavastu (Genben Shuo Yiqie You Bu Pi Nai Ye Yao Shi) 《根本說一切有部毘奈耶藥事》 Scroll 15 68
Commentary on the Hundred Treatise 《百論疏》 Scroll 1 66
Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 52 65
Fo Shuo Li Shi Apitan Lun 《佛說立世阿毘曇論》 Scroll 2 55
Sutra on the Wise and Foolish (Damamūka) 《賢愚經》 Scroll 12 52
Fo Ben Xing Ji Jing (Abhiniṣkramaṇasūtra) 《佛本行集經》 Scroll 56 51
Mahāsaṅghikavinaya (Mohesengzhi Lu) 《摩訶僧祇律》 Scroll 2 51
Vinayavastu (Genben Shuo Yiqie You Bu Pi Nai Ye Po Seng Shi) 《根本說一切有部毘奈耶破僧事》 Scroll 19 49
Sutra on the Wise and Foolish (Damamūka) 《賢愚經》 Scroll 3 48
Vibhāṣāśāstra (Bing Po Sha Lun) 《鞞婆沙論》 Scroll 12 48

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
象马 象馬 象馬 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 4 27
象首 象首 共象首舍利弗詣世尊所 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 17 14
八千象 八千象 有八千象圍遶隨從 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 18 11
扪象 捫象 令眾盲子手自捫象 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 19 11
言象 言象 言象如曲轅 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 19 11
象宝 象寶 名第二象寶 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 9
人乘象 人乘象 如今人乘象 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 17 8
宝象 寶象 嚴我所乘寶象及餘五百白象 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 17 6
四千象 四千象 善見王有八萬四千象 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 3 5
象声 象聲 象聲 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 3 5