NTI Buddhist Text Reader

Options
Match type:

{{results.msg}}

Dictionary Search Results
Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

shàng shang

  1. shàng noun top / a high position
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Position 位
    Notes: 上 is the 14th most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '上' 2; NCCED '上' shàng 1).
  2. shang noun top / the position on or above something
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Position 位
    Notes: In this sense, 上 usually follows a noun to indicate the position on top of or attached to the object referred to by the noun (Ho, 2002, '上' 2; NCCED '上' shang noun). For example, 树枝上 'on tree branches ...' (Lao She, 2003, p. 236)
  3. shàng verb to go up / to go forward
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Motion 运动 , Concept: Direction 方向
    Notes: For example, 猫上了树 'a cat climbed up a tree.' (XHN 2015-11-02) (NCCED '上' shàng 7, 8; Ho, 2002, '上' 5)
  4. shàng foreign shang
    Domain: Foreign Language 外语
    Notes: Used for the sound in mantras and Sanskrit names
  5. shàng adjective previous / last
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 5; Ho, 2002, '上' 8) For example, 上个月 'last month' (VOA, 2015-12-23) and 上周五 'last Friday.' (VOA 2015-07-25)
  6. shàng adjective high / higher
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 2; Ho, 2002, '上' 1)
  7. shàng adjective advanced
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: Synonymous with 上级 in this sense (NCCED '上' shàng 4)
  8. shàng adjective a monarch / a sovereign
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: Synonymous with 君主 in this sense (NCCED '上' shàng 3)
  9. shàng noun time
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: Synonymous with 时间 in this sense
  10. shàng verb to do something / to do something at a set time / to go to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: For example, 上班 'go to work' or 上学 'go to school' (NCCED '上' shàng 11; Ho, 2002, '上' 7)
  11. shàng adjective far
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonymous with 远 in this sense
  12. shàng verb big / as big as
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 12)
  13. shàng adjective abundant / plentiful
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonymous with 丰足 in this sense
  14. shàng verb to report
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonymous with 上报 or 呈报 in this sense (NCCED '上' shàng 9)
  15. shàng verb to offer
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonymous with 进献 or 送上 in this sense
  16. shàng verb to go on stage
    Domain: Drama 戏剧
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 13)
  17. shàng verb to take office / to assume a post
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Motion 运动
    Notes: Synonymous with 就职 in this sense
  18. shàng verb to install / to erect
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonymous with 安装 in this sense
  19. shàng verb to suffer / to sustain
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonymous with 陷入 or 遭受 in this sense
  20. shàng verb to burn
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonymous with 上火 in this sense
  21. shàng verb to remember
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonymous with 上心 in this sense
  22. shang preposition on / in
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '上' 3)
  23. shàng adverb upward
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 10)
  24. shàng verb to add
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 14)
  25. shàng verb to fix / to install / to apply (powder, makeup, etc)
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 16)
  26. shàng verb to meet
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 16)
  27. shàng noun falling then rising (4th) tone
    Domain: Linguistics 语言学
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 26)
  28. shang verb used after a verb indicating a result
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shang verb) For example, 一切的路都封上了 'all the roads were closed' (Lao She, 2003, p. 175) and 加上 'to add on.' (VOA, 2015-07-25)
  29. shàng noun a musical note
    Domain: Music 音乐
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 26)

Contained in

早上以上晚上实际上上升上海上市向上上网上载上述上门上传加上上海浦东发展银行上午上报网上上涨事实上马上地上上司上市公司不相上下上班上万海上上学上肢上面上边上下路上上衣上下文上课上来上去上当上级之上成千上万赶上上帝上头上旬上游掌上电脑天上膝上型计算机

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 1 780
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 2 708

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
上胜 上勝 名曰上勝 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 2
上漏 上漏 上漏為患 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 2

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
Scroll 1 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 14
Scroll 2 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 10
Scroll 3 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 27
魂神第七梵天 Scroll 4 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 22
忉利諸天所以講堂 Scroll 5 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 10
生天 Scroll 1 in Sutra of the Seven Buddhas 《七佛經》 1
毘婆尸佛經 Scroll 1 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 4
Scroll 2 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 3
殿 Scroll 1 in Qi Fo Fumu Xing Zi Jing 《七佛父母姓字經》 1
佛般泥洹經 Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 24
Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 43
般泥洹經 Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 15
調 Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 21
大般涅槃經 Scroll 1 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 10
我等 Scroll 2 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 16
即便說法殿 Scroll 3 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 16
佛說大堅固婆羅門緣起經 Scroll 1 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 6
Scroll 2 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 1
生天 Scroll 1 in Ren Xian Jing 《人仙經》 2
佛說白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經 Scroll 1 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 3
Scroll 3 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 2
佛說尼拘陀梵志經 Scroll 1 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 2
Scroll 2 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 4
佛說大集法門經 Scroll 1 in Sangītisūtra 《大集法門經》 2
長阿含十報法經 Scroll 1 in Chang Ahan Shi Bao Fa Jing 《長阿含十報法經》 3