将 (將) jiāng

  1. jiāng adverb will; shall (future tense)
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: 将 has a similar use in Modern and Liteary Chinese in the sense of 快要 (ABC 'jiāng' 将 adv 2; Guoyu '將' jiāng adv 2; Kroll 2015 '將' jiāng 4, p. 200; Mathews 1931 '將', p. 89; NCCED 2 '将' jiāng 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 120; Unihan '將'). For example, 將以釁鐘。'We are going to consecrate a bell with its blood.' (Mengzi: 1.7/4/4, translation by Legge)
  2. jiāng preposition to get; to use; marker for direct-object
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In this sense, 将 is used in a pretransitive construction to mark an instrument in written Chinese but not often in spoken Chinese in a similar way to 把 (ABC 'jiāng' 将 cov; Guoyu '將' jiāng preposition 1; Kroll 2015 '將' jiāng 2, p. 200; NCCED 1 '将' jiāng 5; Norman 1988, p. 131)
  3. jiàng noun a general; a high ranking officer
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Military
    Notes: (ABC 'jiàng' 将 n 1; Guoyu '將' jiàng n 1; Mathews 1931 '將', p. 89; NCCED '将' jiàng 3)
  4. jiāng verb to progress; to transmit; to convey; to send
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: For example, 将命 convey orders (Guoyu '將' jiāng v 1; Mathews 1931 '將', p. 89)
  5. jiāng conjunction and; or
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 与 or 和 (Guoyu '將' jiāng conjunction 1; Kroll 2015 '將' jiāng 6, p. 200)
  6. jiàng verb to command; to lead
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 率领 (ABC 'jiàng' 将 v; Guoyu '將' jiàng v; Kroll 2015 '將' jiàng, p. 200; Mathews 1931 '將', p. 89; NCCED '将' jiàng 1)
  7. qiāng verb to request
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 请求 (Guoyu '將' qiāng v 1; Mathews 1931 '將', p. 90; NCCED '将' qiāng 5)
  8. jiāng adverb approximately
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, when used in front of a numeric expression the meaning is 'approximately,' as in 差不多 (Guoyu '將' jiāng adv 3; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 58)
  9. jiāng verb to bring; to take; to use; to hold
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 将 is a full verb in Liteary Chinese in this sense (ABC 'jiāng' 将 v 1; Kroll 2015 '將' jiāng 1, p. 200; Mathews 1931 '將', p. 89; NCCED 1 '将' 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 120).
  10. jiāng verb to support; to wait upon; to take care of
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 扶持 or 扶助 (Guoyu '將' jiāng v 4; Mathews 1931 '將', p. 89; NCCED 1 '将' jiāng 2).
  11. jiāng verb to checkmate
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Chinese Chess
    Notes: (ABC 'jiāng' 将 v 3; Guoyu '將' jiāng v 7; NCCED 1 '将' jiāng 7).
  12. jiāng verb to goad; to incite; to provoke
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 刺激 (Guoyu '將' jiāng v 8; NCCED 1 '将' jiāng 8).
  13. jiāng verb to do; to handle
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 做 (ABC 'jiāng' 将 v 2; Guoyu '將' jiāng v 6; Mathews 1931 '將', p. 89; NCCED 1 '将' jiāng 9).
  14. jiāng preposition placed between a verb and a complement of direction
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 以 (Guoyu '將' jiāng preposition 2; NCCED 2 '将' jiāng 2).
  15. jiāng conjunction furthermore; moreover
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 又 or 且 (Guoyu '將' jiāng conjunction 2)
  16. jiàng noun backbone
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (NCCED '将' jiàng 4)
  17. jiàng noun king
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: Piece in Chinese chess (ABC 'jiàng' 将 n 2; NCCED '将' jiàng 5)
  18. jiāng adverb might; possibly
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 会 or 可能 (ABC 'jiāng' 将 adv 3; Guoyu '將' jiāng adv 1; Kroll 2015 '將' jiāng 5, p. 200)
  19. jiāng adverb just; a short time ago
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In the sense of 刚 or 才 (ABC 'jiāng' 将 adv 1; Guoyu '將' jiāng adv 4)
  20. jiāng verb to rest
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 休息 (Guoyu '將' jiāng v 4)
  21. jiāng adverb to the side
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Mathews 1931 '將', p. 89)
  22. jiàng noun a senior member of an organization
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (Guoyu '將' jiàng n 3)
  23. jiāng adjective large; great
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Mathews 1931 '將', p. 89)
  24. jiāng adverb intending to; abhimukha
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: abhimukha, Japanese: shou, or: sou (BCSD '將', p. 392; MW 'abhimukha'; Unihan '將')

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Also contained in

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Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 58 Sarvāstivādavinaya (Shi Song Lu) 十誦律 — count: 99
  • Scroll 2 Quotations from Chan Master Yunmen Kuangzhen 雲門匡真禪師廣錄 — count: 67
  • Scroll 25 Supplement to the Biographies of Eminent Monks 續高僧傳 — count: 64
  • Scroll 3 Shi Shi Ji Gu Lue 釋氏稽古略 — count: 61
  • Scroll 1 Siming's Letters on Ten Issues (Siming Shi Yi Shu) 四明十義書 — count: 50
  • Scroll 2 Siming's Letters on Ten Issues (Siming Shi Yi Shu) 四明十義書 — count: 49
  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 48
  • Scroll 1 Shi Shi Ji Gu Lue 釋氏稽古略 — count: 47
  • Scroll 28 Mūlasarvāstivādavinayakṣudrakavastu (Genben Shuo Yiqie You Bu Pi Nai Ye Za Shi) 根本說一切有部毘奈耶雜事 — count: 46
  • Scroll 1 Shi Men Zi Jing Lu 釋門自鏡錄 — count: 43