shàng

  1. shàng noun top; a high position
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: 上 is the 14th most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho 2002, '上' 2; NCCED '上' shàng 1).
  2. shang noun top; the position on or above something
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense, 上 usually follows a noun to indicate the position on top of or attached to the object referred to by the noun (Ho 2002, '上' 2; NCCED '上' shang noun). For example, 树枝上 'on tree branches ...' (Lao She, 2003, p. 236)
  3. shàng verb to go up; to go forward
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Concept: Direction 方向
    Notes: For example, 猫上了树 'a cat climbed up a tree.' (XHN 2015-11-02) (NCCED '上' shàng 7, 8; Ho 2002, '上' 5)
  4. shàng foreign shang
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Foreign Language
    Notes: Used for the sound in mantras and Sanskrit names
  5. shàng adjective previous; last
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 5; Ho 2002, '上' 8) For example, 上个月 'last month' (VOA, 2015-12-23) and 上周五 'last Friday.' (VOA 2015-07-25)
  6. shàng adjective high; higher
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 2; Ho 2002, '上' 1)
  7. shàng adjective advanced
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison
    Notes: Synonymous with 上级 in this sense (NCCED '上' shàng 4)
  8. shàng adjective a monarch; a sovereign
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison
    Notes: Synonymous with 君主 in this sense (NCCED '上' shàng 3)
  9. shàng noun time
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time
    Notes: Synonymous with 时间 in this sense
  10. shàng verb to do something; to do something at a set time; to go to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time
    Notes: For example, 上班 'go to work' or 上学 'go to school' (NCCED '上' shàng 11; Ho 2002, '上' 7)
  11. shàng adjective far
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synonymous with 远 in this sense
  12. shàng verb big; as big as
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 12)
  13. shàng adjective abundant; plentiful
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synonymous with 丰足 in this sense
  14. shàng verb to report
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synonymous with 上报 or 呈报 in this sense (NCCED '上' shàng 9)
  15. shàng verb to offer
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synonymous with 进献 or 送上 in this sense
  16. shàng verb to go on stage
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Drama
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 13)
  17. shàng verb to take office; to assume a post
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: Synonymous with 就职 in this sense
  18. shàng verb to install; to erect
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: Synonymous with 安装 in this sense
  19. shàng verb to suffer; to sustain
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: Synonymous with 陷入 or 遭受 in this sense
  20. shàng verb to burn
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: Synonymous with 上火 in this sense
  21. shàng verb to remember
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: Synonymous with 上心 in this sense
  22. shang preposition on; in
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: (Ho 2002, '上' 3)
  23. shàng adverb upward
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 10)
  24. shàng verb to add
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 14)
  25. shàng verb to fix; to install; to apply (powder, makeup, etc)
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 16)
  26. shàng verb to meet
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 16)
  27. shàng noun falling then rising (4th) tone
    Domain: Linguistics 语言学
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 26)
  28. shang verb used after a verb indicating a result
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shang verb) For example, 一切的路都封上了 'all the roads were closed' (Lao She, 2003, p. 175) and 加上 'to add on.' (VOA, 2015-07-25)
  29. shàng noun a musical note
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Music
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 26)

Contained in

Also contained in

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Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 1 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 759
  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 686
  • Scroll 3 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 461
  • Scroll 1 Miscellaneous Mantras Sutra (Zhongzhong Za Zhou Jing) 種種雜呪經 — count: 326
  • Scroll 20 Kaiyuan Shijiao Lu 開元釋教錄 — count: 294
  • Scroll 4 Kuśalamūlasamparigraha (Fo Shuo Hua Shou Jing) 佛說華手經 — count: 267
  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔 — count: 257
  • Scroll 62 The Sounds and Meanings of all the Terms in the Canonical Texts 一切經音義 — count: 253
  • Scroll 7 Dhāraṇīsamuccaya (Collected Dharanis Sutra) 陀羅尼集經 — count: 234
  • Scroll 39 The Sounds and Meanings of all the Terms in the Canonical Texts 一切經音義 — count: 226

Collocations

  • 上中 (上中) 上中下善 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 2 — count: 18
  • 座上 (座上) 即於座上成阿耨多羅三藐三菩提 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 1 — count: 10
  • 讲堂上 (講堂上) 忉利諸天所以集法講堂上者 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 5 — count: 8
  • 梵天上 (梵天上) 生梵天上 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 15 — count: 8
  • 殿上 (殿上) 昇高殿上 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 3 — count: 7
  • 上虚空 (上虛空) 金輪寶在宮門上虛空中住 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 3 — count: 7
  • 忉利天上 (忉利天上) 梵童子於忉利天上說此正法 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 5 — count: 7
  • 上坐 (上坐) 往堂上坐 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 2 — count: 7
  • 上漏 (上漏) 上漏為患 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 1 — count: 6
  • 上远尘离垢 (上遠塵離垢) 八萬四千人即於座上遠塵離垢 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 1 — count: 6