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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

  1. conjunction so as to / in order to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 因此 (Guoyu '以' conj 3; Unihan '以')
  2. preposition to use / to regard as
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: May be used as a coverb in this sense, in a serial verb construction. A second form is 以 A 为 B, 'regard A as B.' (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 49)
  3. verb to use / to grasp
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, 以 can be used as a main verb, 以 is a transitive verb with two objects. In this use, it has the form '以 A B', which means 'use A to do B'. It can also take the form 'B 以 A', which means the same thing. The object A is the instrument by which the action B is performed. For example, 杀人以梃 'to kill a person using a club.' (Guoyu '以' v 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 47, quote from Meng 1A/4)
  4. preposition according to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 按 (Guoyu '以' prep 2)
  5. preposition because of
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 因为; may also be thought of as a coverb when used in this sense in Literary Chinese (Guoyu '以' prep 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 162)
  6. preposition on a certain date
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  7. conjunction and / as well as
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Guoyu '以' conj 4)
  8. verb to rely on
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 仰赖 (Guoyu '以' v 2)
  9. verb to regard
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 认为 (Guoyu '以' v 3)
  10. verb to be able to
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 能够 (Guoyu '以' v 4)
  11. verb to order / to command
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 令 (Guoyu '以' v 5)
  12. conjunction further / moreover
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 而 or 且 (Guoyu '以' conj 1)
  13. auxiliary verb used after a verb
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this usage 以 is placed after a verb without meaning (Guoyu '以' aux)
  14. adverb very
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this usage 以 is an adverb with the same meaning 太 or 甚 (Guoyu '以' aux)
  15. adverb already
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 已经 (Guoyu '以' aux)
  16. adverb increasingly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 愈益 (Guoyu '以' aux)
  17. noun a reason / a cause
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: In the sense of 缘故 (Guoyu '以' n 1)
  18. proper noun Israel
    Domain: Geography 地理 , Subdomain: Asia 亚洲 , Concept: Country 国家
    Notes: An abbreviation for 以色列 (Guoyu '以' n 2)
  19. proper noun Yi
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '以' n 3)

Contained in

以上可以以后以色列以来难以以内以外予以以下以及足以所以何以以为全力以赴以此加以以前以东以南以西以北以便除了_以外给以以太网以至以致得以以免以身作则以往以至于自以为是用以辅以老吾老以及人之老幼吾幼以及人之幼藉以借以以少胜多以降挟天子以令诸侯无以复加引以为傲以是是以以要言之持之以恒年以来

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
賢聖 Scroll 1 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 61
Scroll 2 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 20
精進定力 Scroll 3 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 46
因緣 Scroll 4 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 51
娛樂 Scroll 5 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 41
大悲 Scroll 1 in Sutra of the Seven Buddhas 《七佛經》 2
五欲妙樂太子 Scroll 1 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 4
頭面 Scroll 2 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 3
天耳比丘 Scroll 1 in Qi Fo Fumu Xing Zi Jing 《七佛父母姓字經》 2
阿羅漢 Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 39
得度世道 Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 106
Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 55
於是 Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 44
阿難 Scroll 1 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 32
我等 Scroll 2 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 38
夫人婇女四千 Scroll 3 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 50
因緣 Scroll 1 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 6
稱揚 Scroll 2 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 11
頭面 Scroll 1 in Ren Xian Jing 《人仙經》 14
身心 Scroll 1 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 12
有情 Scroll 2 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 18
Scroll 3 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 11
Scroll 1 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 19
障礙 Scroll 2 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 9
香水 Scroll 1 in Sangītisūtra 《大集法門經》 4