zài

  1. zài verb in; at
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: This sense of 在 indicates the location of the subject (NCCED '在' 2). For example, 祥子蹲在烤旁 'Xiangzi squatted besides the stove.'(Lao She, 2003, p. 216) In this example, the verb 蹲 'squat' precedes 在 but in some cases it may follow 在 after the location referred to. For example, 孩子...在院里玩耍... 'the child was in the courtyard playing.'(Lao She, 2003, p. 220) 在 is the seventh most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho 2002, '在').
  2. zài preposition at
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense, 在 helps to indicate time, place, direction or scope (Li Shaoqi, 2003, pp. 404-407; NCCED '在' 6) 1. Time: 在 may be placed before a verb, adjective, or the subject to introduce time. For example, 世卫组织表示将在十一月发布建议 'The World Health Organization said that they would publish a recommendation in November.' 2. Place. For example, 火箭在距发射台约九公里处 'when the rocket was at a location approximately 90 kilometers from the launch pad.' (VOA, 2015-12-23) 3. Scope. For example, 总统在演讲中... 'while the president was giving a speech ...' (VOA, 2007-7-5)
  3. zài adverb when; indicates that someone or something is in the process of doing something
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: (Li Shaoqi, 2003, p. 224; NCCED '在' 5; Ho 2002, '在' 3) For example, 科学家们一直在探寻... 'Scientists have been continuously searching ...' (VOA, 2015-07-25)
  4. zài verb to exist; to be living
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5; Ho 2002, '在' 2)
  5. zài verb to consist of
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5)
  6. zài verb to be at a post
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5)
  7. zài verb in; bhū
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: bhū, Japanese: zai (BCSD '在', p. 289; MW 'bhū'; SH '在', p. 206; Unihan '在')

Contained in

Also contained in

在身妙在不言中在家人如鲠在喉毫不在意在家靠父母,出外靠朋友在枪口势在必得螳螂捕蝉,黄雀在后大权在握在所不辞实在好戏还在后头正在挂在嘴上一年之计在于春犹在无处不在正在进行独在异乡为异客在世振鹭在庭在此之前在下面在高处

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 372
  • Scroll 1 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 288
  • Scroll 3 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 190
  • Scroll 3 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔 — count: 176
  • Scroll 2 Mātangīsūtra (Modengjia Jing) 摩登伽經 — count: 166
  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔 — count: 152
  • Scroll 1 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔 — count: 139
  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Biqiu Han Zhu Jie Ben 四分律比丘含注戒本 — count: 122
  • Scroll 68 Abhidharmamahāvibhāṣaśāstra (Apidamo Dapiposha Lun) 阿毘達磨大毘婆沙論 — count: 119
  • Scroll 1 Shijia Pu 釋迦譜 — count: 117

Collocations

  • 在一面 (在一面) 在一面坐 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 2 — count: 9
  • 在大众 (在大眾) 在大眾中 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 1 — count: 8
  • 在一 (在一) 在一林下告諸比丘 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 2 — count: 8
  • 佛在 (佛在) 佛在舍衛國祇樹花林窟 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 1 — count: 8
  • 世尊在 (世尊在) 世尊在閑靜處 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 1 — count: 6
  • 今在 (今在) 毘婆尸佛今在鹿野苑中 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 1 — count: 6
  • 独在 (獨在) 出家之人獨在空野 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 5 — count: 5
  • 在佛 (在佛) 別取小牀敷在佛前坐 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 2 — count: 3
  • 诸天在 (諸天在) 諸天在上 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 1 — count: 3
  • 旦在 (旦在) 善見大王清旦在正殿上坐 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 3 — count: 3