来 (來) lái

  1. lái verb to come
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: An intransitive verb indicating motion towards the speaker. For example, 你回来啦! 'You have come back!' (Lao She, 2003, p. 176) 来 is used in this sense in both modern and literary Chinese (Kroll 2015 '來' 2). 来 is the 11th most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho 2002, '来' 1; Kroll 2015 '來' 2, pp. 250-251; NCCED '来' 1).
  2. lái particle indicates an approximate quantity
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 助2)
  3. lái verb please
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (Ho 2002, '来' 3)
  4. lái verb used to substitute for another verb
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 5; Ho 2002, '来' 2)
  5. lái verb used between two word groups to express purpose and effect
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Spoken Language
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '來' 4, pp. 250-251; NCCED '来' 9)
  6. lái particle ever since
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense, 来 is used after a time expression (Kroll 2015 '來' 3a, pp. 250-251; NCCED '来' 3). For example, 几十年来 'n the last few years.' (VOA, 2015-07-25) This sense is also used in literary Chinese (Kroll 2015 '來' 4).
  7. lái noun wheat
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '來' 1, pp. 250-251)
  8. lái adjective next; future
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 以来 (Kroll 2015 '來' 3, pp. 250-251; NCCED '来' 1). For example, 来日绮窗前 'In future days in front of the carved window ...' (Wang Wei, Lines in Complete Tang Poems, Scroll 118)
  9. lái verb a simple complement of direction
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: 来 is used in this sense after a verb or verb phrase to indicate movement towards the speaker (NCCED '来' 5). For example, 一出来 'as soon as he came out ...' (Lao She, 2003, p. 260)
  10. lái verb to occur; to arise
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '來' 2a, pp. 250-251; NCCED '来' 4)
  11. lái verb to earn
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 11)
  12. lái verb to come; āgata
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: āgata, or: āgacchati, Tibetan: 'ong (BCSD '来', p. 126; Mahāvyutpatti 'āgacchati'; MW 'āgata')

Contained in

Also contained in

外来物种外来几天来越来越来回来去地机不可失,失不再来来信翻来覆去二来自来水马来西亚人姗姗来迟看起来嗟来食毁来性来之不易历来最低点翻过来前来从来没

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 1 Shijia Pu 釋迦譜 — count: 207
  • Scroll 58 The Large Sūtra on Perfection of Wisdom 大般若波羅蜜多經 — count: 173 , has parallel version
  • Scroll 494 The Large Sūtra on Perfection of Wisdom 大般若波羅蜜多經 — count: 156 , has parallel version
  • Scroll 1 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔 — count: 146
  • Scroll 6 Wei Mo Jing Lue Shu 維摩經略疏 — count: 140
  • Scroll 1 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 134
  • Scroll 1 Quotations from Abbot Mi An 密菴和尚語錄 — count: 124
  • Scroll 3 Quotations from Chan Master Yunmen Kuangzhen 雲門匡真禪師廣錄 — count: 120
  • Scroll 1 Ayuwang Xi Huai Mu Yinyuan Jing 阿育王息壞目因緣經 — count: 120
  • Scroll 62 Fa Yuan Zhu Lin 法苑珠林 — count: 117

Collocations

  • 来语 (來語) 為諸天來語 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 1 — count: 11
  • 来父母 (來父母) 此婆羅門七世已來父母真正 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 13 — count: 7
  • 行来 (行來) 舉國男女行來舉動 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 5 — count: 7
  • 远来 (遠來) 諸清信士聞佛與諸大眾遠來至此巴陵樹下 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 2 — count: 6
  • 来问 (來問) 來問我者 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 2 — count: 6
  • 诸天来 (諸天來) 為諸天來語 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 1 — count: 5
  • 人来 (人來) 彼大眾中有一人來至我所 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 3 — count: 5
  • 来诣 (來詣) 故來詣此 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 5 — count: 5
  • 来会 (來會) 諸來會者皆一心聽 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 16 — count: 5
  • 欲来 (欲來) 今者諸天欲來舉牀 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 4 — count: 4