1. conjunction so as to; in order to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In the sense of 因此 (Guoyu '以' conj 3; Rouzer 2007, p. 10; Unihan '以')
  2. preposition to use; to regard as
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: May be used as a coverb in this sense, in a serial verb construction. A second form is 以 A 为 B, 'regard A as B.' (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 49)
  3. verb to use; to grasp
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, 以 can be used as a main verb, 以 is a transitive verb with two objects. In this use, it has the form '以 A B', which means 'use A to do B'. It can also take the form 'B 以 A', which means the same thing. The object A is the instrument by which the action B is performed. For example, 杀人以梃 'to kill a person using a club.' (Guoyu '以' v 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 47, quote from Meng 1A/4)
  4. preposition according to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In the sense of 按 (Guoyu '以' prep 2)
  5. preposition because of
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In the sense of 因为; may also be thought of as a coverb when used in this sense in Literary Chinese (Guoyu '以' prep. 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 162)
  6. preposition on a certain date
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
  7. conjunction and; as well as
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '以' conj 4)
  8. verb to rely on
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 仰赖 (Guoyu '以' v 2)
  9. verb to regard
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 认为 (Guoyu '以' v 3)
  10. verb to be able to
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 能够 (Guoyu '以' v 4)
  11. verb to order; to command
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 令 (Guoyu '以' v 5)
  12. conjunction further; moreover
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In the sense of 而 or 且 (Guoyu '以' conj 1)
  13. auxiliary verb used after a verb
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In this usage 以 is placed after a verb without meaning (Guoyu '以' aux)
  14. adverb very
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In this usage 以 is an adverb with the same meaning 太 or 甚 (Guoyu '以' aux)
  15. adverb already
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In the sense of 已经 (Guoyu '以' aux)
  16. adverb increasingly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In the sense of 愈益 (Guoyu '以' aux)
  17. noun a reason; a cause
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In the sense of 缘故 (Guoyu '以' n 1)
  18. proper noun Israel
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Asia , Concept: Country 国家
    Notes: An abbreviation for 以色列 (Guoyu '以' n 2)
  19. proper noun Yi
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '以' n 3)

Contained in

Also contained in

翘首以待逸以待劳以求以老大自居以公灭私以内以身作则以暴易暴老吾老,以及人之老,幼吾幼,以及人之幼以毒攻毒以前俭以防匮之所以难以抹去梦寐以求何以幼吾幼以及人之幼以身报国坐以待毙夜以接日以下以叙宰不可以不忠赖以以定夜以继昼以来主不可以不坚星星之火,可以燎原全力以赴以和为贵以外用以习以成性日以继夜以致以柔克刚数以万计以下犯上知其然而不知其所以然以身试法以是以斯拉记引以为荣晓以大义百物以兴

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 756
  • Scroll 1 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 569
  • Scroll 5 Zhi Guan Fu Xing Chuan Hong Jue 止觀輔行傳弘決 — count: 535
  • Scroll 3 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 477
  • Scroll 1 Zhi Guan Fu Xing Chuan Hong Jue 止觀輔行傳弘決 — count: 398
  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔 — count: 393
  • Scroll 3 Shi Shi Ji Gu Lue 釋氏稽古略 — count: 379
  • Scroll 3 Zhi Guan Fu Xing Chuan Hong Jue 止觀輔行傳弘決 — count: 374
  • Scroll 1 Shi Shi Ji Gu Lue 釋氏稽古略 — count: 370
  • Scroll 3 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔 — count: 369