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NTI Reader

难 (難) nán nàn

  1. nán adjective difficult / arduous / hard
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nán 1; NCCED '難' nán 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 42; Unihan '難').
  2. nán verb to put someone in a difficult position / to have difficulty
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Morality 道德
    Notes: (NCCED '難' nán 2)
  3. nán adjective hardly possible / unable
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nán 1; NCCED '難' nán 3; Unihan '難')
  4. nàn noun disaster / calamity
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Disaster 灾难
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nàn 1; NCCED '難' nàn 1)
  5. nàn noun enemy / foe
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nàn 2)
  6. nán adjective bad / unpleasant
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nán 2; NCCED '難' nán 4)
  7. nàn verb to blame / to rebuke
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nàn 3b; NCCED '難' nàn 2)
  8. nàn verb to object to / to argue against
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nàn 3)
  9. nàn verb to reject / to repudiate
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nàn 3a)

Contained in

难以困难苦难难度艰难难得难道难过难看难受难题出难题难民难怪为难灾难难关难堪难免疑难阿难阿难陀父母恩重难报经急难难陀难沮佛欲壑难填魔难善财难舍落难排难解纷危难劫难靖难之役易守难攻实叉难陀施乞叉难陀除诸恶难救度难近母厄难祸难难胜地难胜八难死难发难非难难陀龙王避难维祇难昙摩难提

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 1 266
Tarkaśāstra (Rushi Lun) 《如實論》 Scroll 1 257
Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 《大般涅槃經義記》 Scroll 8 211
Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 《大般涅槃經義記》 Scroll 7 188
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 2 187
Notes on the Viṁśatikāvṛtti 《成唯識論述記》 Scroll 2 172
Commentary on the Hundred Treatise 《百論疏》 Scroll 2 172
Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 《四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔》 Scroll 1 154
Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 《大般涅槃經義記》 Scroll 9 146
Fahua Xuan Yi Shi Qian 《法華玄義釋籤》 Scroll 19 144

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
难可 難可 七寶難可獲 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 14
难舍 難捨 難捨慳因緣令有家 Ren Ben Yu Sheng Jing 《人本欲生經》 Scroll 1 10
悭难 慳難 寧當有慳難捨不 Ren Ben Yu Sheng Jing 《人本欲生經》 Scroll 1 8
难值 難值 佛世難值 Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 Scroll 2 6
难知 難知 倍復難知 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 6
难及 難及 飛行皇帝有四難及之德 Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 Scroll 2 5
难头 難頭 十名難頭 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 20 5
难忍 難忍 眾痛難忍 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 19 5
难降伏 難降伏 竪純青色難降伏幡 Qishi Jing 《起世經》 Scroll 8 5
难见 難見 難見難識知 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 5