1. adverb already / since
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (Unihan '既')
  2. conjunction both ... and ...
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: This form is used both in modern and literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 113).
  3. verb to complete / to finish
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 既 is a full verb (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 113).
  4. particle preverbal particle marking completion
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese 既 is placed before a verb to indicate a change in state completion. The verb is often followed by the particle 矣 (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 113). For example, 然則夫子既聖矣乎? 'Then, Master, have you attained to be a Sage?' (Mengzi: 3.2/16/14, translation by Legge)

Contained in

既_也_既_又_既然既是既定既有沈既济一如既往既往不咎既而其名教既行

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 2 Commentary on the Hundred Treatise 《百論疏》 — count: 151
  • Scroll 1 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 — count: 147
  • Scroll 1 Shijia Pu 《釋迦譜》 — count: 130
  • Scroll 5 Zhi Guan Fu Xing Chuan Hong Jue 《止觀輔行傳弘決》 — count: 124
  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 — count: 122
  • Scroll 3 Commentary on the Hundred Treatise 《百論疏》 — count: 115
  • Scroll 5 Commentary on the Mūlamadhyamakakārikā 《中觀論疏》 — count: 113
  • Scroll 1 Commentary on the Dvādaśanikāyaśāstra 《十二門論疏》 — count: 106
  • Scroll 2 Notes on the Viṁśatikāvṛtti 《成唯識論述記》 — count: 101
  • Scroll 1 Siming's Letters on Ten Issues (Siming Shi Yi Shu) 《四明十義書》 — count: 98