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NTI Reader

lǎo

  1. lǎo adjective old / aged / elderly / aging
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: For example, in literary Chinese, 老馬識途 'an old horse knows the road', from Han Feizi's Shuo Lin Shang. FGS translation standard: aged (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 1; DCP 'L50'; Kroll '老' 1; Unihan '老')
  2. lǎo noun Kangxi radical 125
    Domain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  3. lǎo prefix indicates seniority or age
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Affixes 附类
    Notes: In this use, 老 is a prefix used with a person's surname to indicate seniority or with numbers to indicate order or birth amongst brothers and sisters in a familar. For example, 老大 'eldest child' (ABC 'lǎo' 老 prefix 1; Kroll '老' 1a; Norman 1988, p. 113; Sun 2006, loc. 691).
  4. lǎo adjective vegetables that have become old and tough
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Food and Drink 饮食
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 4)
  5. lǎo adverb always
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Note that in this sense 老 is used before the verb it modifies (ABC 'lǎo' 老 adv 2; Sun 2006, loc. 2053)
  6. lǎo adverb very
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 adv 1)
  7. lǎo adjective experienced
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Unihan '老')
  8. lǎo bound form humble self-reference
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Bound with 老身 'oldy' (Kroll '老' 1b)
  9. lǎo adjective of long standing
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 2)
  10. lǎo adjective dark
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Color 颜色
    Notes: Of colors (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 5)
  11. lǎo adjective outdated
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 3)
  12. lǎo noun old people / the elderly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Life 生活
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 n 1)
  13. lǎo noun parents
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Family 家
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 n 2)
  14. lǎo prefix indicates familiarity
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Affixes 附类
    Notes: In this use, 老 is a diminutive venacular form used with a person's surname to indicate familiarity. For example, Lao Wang 老王, for somebody whose surname is Wang (ABC 'lǎo' 老 prefix 2; Kroll '老' 1a; Norman 1988, p. 113; Sun 2006, loc. 691).
  15. lǎo adverb for a long time
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 adv 3)

Contained in

老挝养老老鼠老师老百姓长老老子古老老实生老病死老人老虎老是老板老大妈老大娘老大爷老太太老头儿老头老舍老婆老式老年老人家老乡老成老汉老化老家老太婆老天爷老爷老一辈衰老老婆饼老舍纪念馆老气横秋小老婆老头子孤老老套子老吾老以及人之老老鹰老聃年老长生不老法老老龄化龙头老大苍老

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Hong Zhi Chan Shi Guang Lu 《宏智禪師廣錄》 Scroll 9 73
Hong Zhi Chan Shi Guang Lu 《宏智禪師廣錄》 Scroll 8 41
Saṃyuktāgama 《雜阿含經》 Scroll 12 38
Shi Shi Ji Gu Lue 《釋氏稽古略》 Scroll 4 35
Abhidharmavibhāṣāśāstra (Apitan Pi Po Sha Lun) 《阿毘曇毘婆沙論》 Scroll 20 34
Hongming Ji (Collection on the Propagation and Clarification of Buddhism) 《弘明集》 Scroll 6 33
Guang Hong Ming Ji 《廣弘明集》 Scroll 8 32
Catuḥsatyaśāstra (Si Di Lun) 《四諦論》 Scroll 1 32
Fo Zu Lidai Tong Zai 《佛祖歷代通載》 Scroll 20 30
Notes on the Viṁśatikāvṛtti 《成唯識論述記》 Scroll 8 29

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
尊长老 尊長老 上尊長老比丘 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 8 25
老法 老法 我今具有如是老法 Qishi Jing 《起世經》 Scroll 4 19
老比丘 老比丘 天取老比丘 Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 Scroll 2 12
缘老 緣老 生緣老 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 10 11
老梵行 老梵行 及諸上尊長老梵行可慙可愧 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 20 6
老时 老時 謂眾生老時 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 7 6
谓老 謂老 是謂老衰 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 31 6
老朽 老朽 又復云何名知老朽 Hu Guo Jing 《護國經》 Scroll 1 6
老衰 老衰 老衰 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 31 5
老地 老地 一名老地 Ekottarāgama 《增壹阿含經》 Scroll 10 5