NTI Reader
NTI Reader

  1. noun desire
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Emotion 感情
    Notes: (Unihan '欲')
  2. verb to desire / to wish
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 欲 is a full verb in this sense. For example, 其恕乎!己所不欲,勿施於人。 'Is not reciprocity such a word? What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.' (Lunyu 17:24, trans. by Legge 1861)
  3. noun desire
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: The traditional character 慾 is not always used in place of 欲. In most cases 欲 is used in traditional as well as simplified text.
  4. adjective almost / nearly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: In this sense 欲 has the same meaning as 快要
  5. noun desire / intention / interest / aspiration
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教 , Concept: Mental Factor 心所
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: canda, Pāli: canda; one of the five object-determining mental factors in the Mahayana teachings
  6. auxiliary verb to desire / to intend
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, 欲 is an auxiliary verb in this sense (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 122; Unihan '欲').

Contained in



Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
欲使 欲使 欲使不出家 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 8
欲见 欲見 欲見卿等 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 8
证欲 證欲 未證欲證 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 9 5
今欲 今欲 吾今欲以宿命智說過去佛事 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 5
欲葬 欲葬 汝欲葬我 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 3 4
王欲 王欲 善見王欲自試馬寶 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 3 4
欢喜欲 歡喜欲 歡喜欲見 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 4 4
欲想 欲想 無眾欲想 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 4
欲诣 欲詣 吾欲詣竹園 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 2 4
欲闻 欲聞 汝等欲聞如來識宿命智 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 4