NTI Reader
NTI Reader

  1. noun desire
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Emotion 感情
    Notes: (Unihan '欲')
  2. verb to desire / to wish
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 欲 is a full verb in this sense. For example, 其恕乎!己所不欲,勿施於人。 'Is not reciprocity such a word? What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.' (Lunyu 17:24, trans. by Legge 1861)
  3. noun desire
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: The traditional character 慾 is not always used in place of 欲. In most cases 欲 is used in traditional as well as simplified text.
  4. adjective almost / nearly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: In this sense 欲 has the same meaning as 快要
  5. noun desire / intention / interest / aspiration
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教 , Concept: Mental Factor 心所
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: canda, Pāli: canda; one of the five object-determining mental factors in the Mahayana teachings
  6. auxiliary verb to desire / to intend
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, 欲 is an auxiliary verb in this sense (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 122; Unihan '欲').

Contained in


Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 1 227
Shijia Pu 《釋迦譜》 Scroll 1 184
Notes on the Viṁśatikāvṛtti 《成唯識論述記》 Scroll 6 173
Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 《四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔》 Scroll 1 163
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 2 158
Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 60 155
Abhidharmadharmaskandhapādaśāstra (Apidamo Fa Yun Zu Lun) 《阿毘達磨法蘊足論》 Scroll 4 140
Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 25 139
Śāriputrābhidharmaśāstra (Shelifu Apitan Lun) 《舍利弗阿毘曇論》 Scroll 13 136
Śāriputrābhidharmaśāstra (Shelifu Apitan Lun) 《舍利弗阿毘曇論》 Scroll 5 130


Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
欲见 欲見 欲見卿等 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 8
欲使 欲使 欲使不出家 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 7
欲证 欲證 未證欲證 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 9 5
今欲 今欲 吾今欲以宿命智說過去佛事 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 5
王欲 王欲 善見王欲自試馬寶 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 3 4
欲试 欲試 欲試神足力 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 2 4
欲出家 欲出家 今我意欲出家離世 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 5 4
欲闻 欲聞 汝等欲聞如來識宿命智 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 4
欲想 欲想 無眾欲想 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 4
欲诣 欲詣 吾欲詣竹園 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 2 4