yǒu

  1. yǒu verb is / are / to exist
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: For example, 有人敲门 'There is someone knocking at the door.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 174) 有 is always negated by 没, never by 不. For example, 他们没有见过太阳 'they had not seen the sun.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 221) 有 is the tenth most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Guoyu '有' v 1; Ho 2002, '有' 2; Kroll 2015 '有' 2, p. 911; NCCED '有' 1).
  2. yǒu verb to have / to possess
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 有 often takes the pattern [subject] 有 [object], where the subject might be left out. For example, 自己有钱 'he had money.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 218; Ho 2002, '有' 1; Kroll 2015 '有' 1, p. 911; NCCED '有' 2; XHZD '有' 1, p. 911).
  3. yǒu noun becoming / bhāva
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: bhāva, Pāli: bhāva; FGS translation standard: Becoming (BL 'bhāva'; FGDB '有'; Kroll 2015 '有' 3b, p. 911)
  4. yǒu verb indicates an estimate
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: For example, 有近60万 'nearly 600,000.' (VOA, 2015-07-25; Ho 2002, '有' 3; NCCED '有' 3)
  5. yǒu verb indicates a large quantity
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 多 (Guoyu '有' adj 2; Ho 2002, '有' 4; NCCED '有' 4)
  6. yǒu verb indicates an affirmative response
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (NCCED '有' 6)
  7. yǒu verb a certain / used before a person, time, or place
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: For example, in the pattern 有的...有的 (Ho 2002, '有' 5; NCCED '有' 8; XHZD '有' 3, p. 911)
  8. yǒu verb used to compare two things
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho 2002, '有' 6)
  9. yǒu prefix used in a polite formula before certain verbs
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: For example, 有请 'to request' (Guoyu '有' prefix; XHZD '有' 2, p. 911)
  10. yǒu verb used before the names of dynasties
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (XHZD '有' 5, p. 911; Wu and Tee 2015, loc. 296)
  11. yǒu pronoun a certain thing / what exists
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '有' prefix; Kroll 2015 '有' 3, p. 911)
  12. yǒu pronoun multiple of ten and ...
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the pattern 二十有四 twenty and four, i.e. 24 (Kroll 2015 '有' 4, p. 911)
  13. yǒu adjective abundant
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 富裕 (Guoyu '有' adj 1)
  14. yǒu adjective purposeful
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 故意 (Guoyu '有' adj 3)
  15. yǒu proper noun You
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '有' n 1)
  16. yǒu verb 1. existence; 2. becoming
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教 , Subdomain: Fo Guang Shan 佛光山
    Notes: (Glossary of Humanistic Buddhism)

Contained in

Also contained in

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Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 — count: 1030
  • Scroll 2 Commentary on the Hundred Treatise 《百論疏》 — count: 933
  • Scroll 1 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 — count: 904
  • Scroll 3 Commentary on the Hundred Treatise 《百論疏》 — count: 783
  • Scroll 2 Notes on the Viṁśatikāvṛtti 《成唯識論述記》 — count: 711
  • Scroll 1 Commentary on the Abhidharmakośabhāṣya 《俱舍論疏》 — count: 708
  • Scroll 4 Notes on the Viṁśatikāvṛtti 《成唯識論述記》 — count: 693
  • Scroll 8 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 《大般涅槃經義記》 — count: 649
  • Scroll 6 Notes on the Viṁśatikāvṛtti 《成唯識論述記》 — count: 634
  • Scroll 7 Notes on the Viṁśatikāvṛtti 《成唯識論述記》 — count: 622