1. adverb naturally; of course; certainly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In the sense of 自然 (CCD 1 '自' 1; GHDC '自' 4; Han Dian '自' adv 1)
  2. preposition from; since
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In the sense of 从 (CCD 2 '自'; GHDC '自' 5; Han Dian '自' prep; Rouzer 2007, p. 6)
  3. pronoun self; oneself; itself
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 自 means 自己. In Literary Chinese this relfexive personal pronoun always occurs in front of a verb (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 83). For example, 所謂誠其意者,毋自欺也 What is meant by 'making the thoughts sincere.' is the allowing no self-deception.' (The Classic of Rites, The Great Learning禮記‧大學, trans. by Legge 1885; CCD 1 '自' 2; GHDC '自' 1; Han Dian '自' pro 1; Rouzer 2007, p. 6)
  4. noun Kangxi radical 132
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Radicals
    Notes: (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  5. proper noun Zi
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names
    Notes: (Guoyu '自' n 2)
  6. noun a nose
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Health
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 鼻子 (Han Dian '自' 2)
  7. noun the beginning; the start
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 开头 (GHDC '自' 2; Han Dian '自' 3)
  8. noun origin
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 起源 (Guoyu 1 '自' n 1; GHDC '自' 3; Han Dian '自' 4)
  9. adverb originally
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 本来 (Han Dian '自' adv 2)
  10. adverb still; to remain
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 仍旧 or 依然 (GHDC '自' 9; Han Dian '自' adv 5)
  11. adverb in person; personally
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 亲自 (Han Dian '自' adv 6)
  12. adverb in addition; besides
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 别自 or 另外 (Han Dian '自' adv 7)
  13. conjunction if; even if
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 假如 (GHDC '自' 8; Han Dian '自' conj 1)
  14. conjunction but
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 可是 (Han Dian '自' conj 4)
  15. conjunction because
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 因为 and 由于 (GHDC '自' 6; Han Dian '自' conj 5)
  16. verb to employ; to use
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 用 (GHDC '自' 7; Han Dian '自' v 1)
  17. verb to be
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 是 (Han Dian '自' v 2)
  18. pronoun own; one's own; oneself
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: sva, or: svayam Japanese: ji (BCSD '自', p. 983; DJBT '自', p. 436; MW 'sva'; SH '自', p. 218)
  19. noun self; soul; ātman
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: ātman (BCSD '自', p. 981; MW 'ātman'; SH '自', p. 218)

Contained in

Also contained in

自励察布查尔锡伯自治县自然而然自悔自由放任自选自杀式东方黎族自治县自宫无病自灸自杀式爆炸路南彝族自治县李自成自我解嘲自卫队自游玩火自焚自言自语自然史自高超自然悔过自新巍山彝族回族自治县自署半自动自渎自身暗自自由体操自号剖腹自杀自荐

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 360
  • Scroll 1 Vigrahavyāvartanī (Hui Zhenglun) 迴諍論 — count: 261 , has English translation
  • Scroll 1 Shijia Pu 釋迦譜 — count: 261
  • Scroll 1 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 241
  • Scroll 2 Commentary on Nyāyamukha 因明入正理論疏 — count: 238
  • Scroll 2 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔 — count: 218
  • Scroll 3 Notes on the Viṁśatikāvṛtti 成唯識論述記 — count: 210
  • Scroll 3 Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 四分律行事鈔資持記 — count: 202
  • Scroll 3 Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔 — count: 197
  • Scroll 1 A Summary of the Meaning of Nyāyamukha 因明義斷 — count: 170