NTI Reader
NTI Reader

业 (業)

  1. noun business / industry
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 行业 (CCD 1 '业' 1; FE '業' 1)
  2. adverb immediately
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 即 (GHDC '业' 9)
  3. noun action / actions
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
  4. noun karma / kamma / karmic deeds / actions
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: karma, Pali: kamma, Japanese: gō; used in Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism to literally mean 'actions.' Importantly, all these beliefs affirm the consequences will certainly follow from all actions, either in this life or a future life. Hence karma has become a doctrine as well (BL 'karma'; CCD 1 '业' 6; JEBD 'Gō'; GHDC '业' 11; Mittal and Thursby 2006, p. 19).
  5. noun board
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synomomous with 版 in this sense.
  6. noun a course of study
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synomomous with 学业 in this sense (CCD 1 '业' 3; GHDC '业' 4).
  7. noun a cause / an undertaking / an enterprise / an achievment / a pursuit
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synomomous with 事业 or 功业 in this sense (CCD 1 '业' 4).
  8. noun an estate / a property
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synomomous with 产业 in this sense (CCD 1 '业' 5; FE '業' 2; GHDC '业' 7).
  9. noun sin / karmic retribution
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synomomous with 罪孽 in this sense.
  10. verb to engage in
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synomomous with 从事 in this sense (CCD 1 '业' 7).
  11. proper noun Ye
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (CCD 1 '业' 8)
  12. adverb already
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synomomous with 已经 in this sense (CCD 2 '业'; FE '業' 3).
  13. noun an occupation
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 职业; for example, 安居乐乐业 'to live with joy and be content in one's work' (CCD 1 '业' 2; FE '業' 1; GHDC '业' 4)
  14. noun a kind of musical instrument
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In ancient times (GHDC '业' 1)
  15. noun a book
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In ancient times (GHDC '业' 3)

Contained in

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Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Śāriputrābhidharmaśāstra (Shelifu Apitan Lun) 《舍利弗阿毘曇論》 Scroll 7 717
Dasheng Yi Zhang 《大乘義章》 Scroll 7 489
Commentary on the Yogācārabhūmiśāstra 《瑜伽論記》 Scroll 3 362
Commentary on the Mūlamadhyamakakārikā 《中觀論疏》 Scroll 8 336
Notes on the Viṁśatikāvṛtti 《成唯識論述記》 Scroll 8 330
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 2 313
Outline of the Yogācārabhūmiśāstra 《瑜伽師地論略纂》 Scroll 4 301
Notes on the Abhidharmakośabhāṣya 《俱舍論記》 Scroll 15 295
Abhidharmamahāvibhāṣaśāstra (Apidamo Dapiposha Lun) 《阿毘達磨大毘婆沙論》 Scroll 114 290
Abhidharmajñānaprasthānaśāstra (Apidamo Fa Zhi Zu Lun) 《阿毘達磨發智論》 Scroll 11 242

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
不善业 不善業 身為不善業 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 19 121
作恶业 作惡業 乃至往昔人非人身所作惡業 Qishi Jing 《起世經》 Scroll 3 26
知业 知業 汝等當知業 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 27 24
业尽 業儘 福命業盡 Qishi Jing 《起世經》 Scroll 10 24
田业 田業 諸修田業者當給其牛犢 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 15 12
黑业 黑業 造黑業者 Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 Scroll 1 12
白业 白業 有造白業者 Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 Scroll 1 11
报业 報業 若有樂報業 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 4 11
邪见业 邪見業 邪見成就邪見業 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 11 9
财业 財業 又復能知六損財業 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 11 9