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NTI Reader

礼 (禮)

  1. noun propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Middle Chinese: lejX; In this sense, 礼 has the same meaning as 礼节. It is a central principle in Confucianism (FE '禮' 1; Guoyu '禮' n 1; Kroll '禮' 2; GHC '礼' 3; Sun 2006, loc. 1296). For example, 惡勇而無禮者 'He hates those who have valor merely, and are unobservant of propriety.' (Lunyu 17:24, trans. by Legge)
  2. noun a ritual / a ceremony / a rite
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Especially, in the context of Confucianism (FE '禮' 2; GHC '礼' 1; Guoyu '禮' n 3; Yao, 2000, p. 22) For example, 喪禮 'funeral rites' (Legge, 1885, 'Tan Gong II' in Classic of Rites; 《禮記‧檀弓下》)
  3. noun a present / a gift
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Customs 习俗
    Notes: (FE '禮' 3; GHC '礼' 4; Guoyu '禮' n 4)
  4. noun a bow
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (GHC '礼' 2; Guoyu '禮' n 2)
  5. proper noun Li / Zhou Li / Yi Li / Li Ji
    Domain: Literature 文学 , Concept: Book 书
    Notes: An abbreviation for one of the books Rites of Zhou 《周礼》, Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《仪礼》, or the Classic of Rites 《礼记》 (GHC '礼' 5; Guoyu '禮' n 5)
  6. proper noun Li
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: A surname (FE '禮' 4; GHC '礼' 6; Guoyu '禮' n 6)
  7. verb to give an offering in a religious ceremony
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 祭 (Guoyu '禮' v 1)
  8. verb to respect / to revere
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 尊敬 (Guoyu '禮' v 2)

Contained in

礼拜礼拜一礼拜二礼拜三礼拜四礼拜五礼拜六礼拜日礼拜天典礼礼拜婚礼礼品三宝典礼甘露灌顶皈依三宝典礼礼仪礼貌礼物礼堂敬礼送礼礼节葬礼颜勤礼碑礼义牛街礼拜寺礼忏礼记瞻礼礼宾祭礼周礼仪礼洗礼礼赞顶礼作礼施礼行礼皈依典礼顶礼膜拜礼生小戴礼记大戴礼记分庭抗礼礼教圣餐礼礼敬大厅三皈五戒典礼剃度典礼尸迦罗越六方礼经

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Ji Zhu Jing Li Chan Yi 《集諸經禮懺儀》 Scroll 2 138
Wangsheng Lizan Ji 《往生禮讚偈》 Scroll 1 130
Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 《四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔》 Scroll 3 84
The Baizhang Zen Monastic Regulations 《勅修百丈清規》 Scroll 5 73
Fa Yuan Zhu Lin 《法苑珠林》 Scroll 20 73
Shi Shi Ji Gu Lue 《釋氏稽古略》 Scroll 3 72
Verse in Praise of Amitābha Buddha (Zan Emituo Fo Ji) 《讚阿彌陀佛偈》 Scroll 1 71
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 3 70
Guang Hong Ming Ji 《廣弘明集》 Scroll 25 59
Shi Men Guijing Yi 《釋門歸敬儀》 Scroll 2 59

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
礼足 禮足 頭面禮足 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 272
稽首礼 稽首禮 我今稽首禮 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 4 214
礼事 禮事 當得供養恭敬禮事 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 8 170
头面礼 頭面禮 頭面禮足 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 90
礼世尊 禮世尊 禮世尊足 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 2 41
恭敬礼 恭敬禮 當得供養恭敬禮事 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 8 25
供养礼 供養禮 長夜奉敬供養禮事 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 3 24
礼尊者 禮尊者 郁伽長者禮尊者阿難足 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 9 14
礼觐 禮覲 我等宜往禮覲世尊 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 10 8
事礼 事禮 當恭敬承事禮事供養 Mo Rao Luan Jing 《魔嬈亂經》 Scroll 1 7