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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

  1. adjective bitter
    Domain: Food and Drink 饮食 , Concept: Flavor 味道
    Notes: (Unihan '苦')
  2. noun hardship / suffering
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Emotion 感情
    Notes: (Unihan '苦')
  3. verb to grieve bitterly
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  4. noun Sorrow / duḥkha / dukkha / suffering
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: duḥkha, Pāli: dukkha, Japanese: ku. Duḥkha is the unsatisfactory nature inherent in all conditioned phenomena. 苦諦 'The truth of suffering' is the first of the 四聖諦 'four noble truths,' a fundamental teaching of Buddhism (BL 'duḥkha; FGDB '苦').; FGS translation standard: Sorrow

Contained in

贫苦苦恼苦难苦集灭道刻苦辛苦艰苦痛苦吃苦苦命困苦穷苦苦海苦行苦力八苦苦行人苦行者受苦苦厄苦寒苦修苦行僧能灭诸苦救度病苦忧苦观受是苦生苦老苦死苦爱别离苦怨憎会苦求不得苦五蕴炽盛苦苦毒苦楚罪苦叫苦愁苦精苦文化苦旅千辛万苦苦叉苦圣谛苦谛苦习圣谛苦集谛苦灭谛苦尽谛苦灭圣谛爱灭苦灭圣谛

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Abhidharmajñānaprasthānaśāstra (Apidamo Fa Zhi Zu Lun) 《阿毘達磨發智論》 Scroll 16 317

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
苦阴 苦陰 緣此苦陰 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 4
灭苦 滅苦 滅苦離諸惡 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 2

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
哀愍 Scroll 1 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 15
Scroll 2 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 5
Scroll 3 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 2
Scroll 4 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 8
Scroll 5 in Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 7
云何 Scroll 1 in Vipaśyin Buddha Sūtra 《毘婆尸佛經》 24
Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 9
Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《佛般泥洹經》 7
Scroll 1 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 18
無量 Scroll 2 in Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 14
世尊阿難 Scroll 1 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 15
Scroll 2 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 4
Scroll 3 in Mahāparinibbānasutta 《大般涅槃經》 7
Scroll 2 in Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing 《大堅固婆羅門緣起經》 3
邊際 Scroll 1 in Ren Xian Jing 《人仙經》 4
Scroll 2 in Baiyi Jin Chuang Er Poluomen Yuanqi Jing 《白衣金幢二婆羅門緣起經》 9
活命 Scroll 1 in Nijutuo Fanzhi Jing 《尼拘陀梵》 1
輪迴 Scroll 1 in Sangītisūtra 《大集法門經》 11
不能 Scroll 2 in Sangītisūtra 《大集法門經》 9
Scroll 1 in Chang Ahan Shi Bao Fa Jing 《長阿含十報法經》 5
得病 Scroll 2 in Chang Ahan Shi Bao Fa Jing 《長阿含十報法經》 3
世間 Scroll 1 in Ren Ben Yu Sheng Jing 《人本欲生經》 31
Scroll 1 in Śakraparipṛcchā Sūtra 《帝釋所問經》 3
Scroll 1 in Śṛgālavādasūtra 《尸迦羅越六方禮經》 1
邊際 Scroll 1 in Xin Fo Gongde Jing 《信佛功德經》 3