xiān

  1. xiān noun first
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time
    Notes: In the sense of 先前 (Han Dian '先' n 1; Unihan '先')
  2. xiān noun early; prior; former
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time
    Notes: (Han Dian '先' n 5; Unihan '先')
  3. xiān verb to go forward; to advance
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 前进 (Han Dian '先' v 2)
  4. xiān verb to attach importance to; to value
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 重视 (Han Dian '先' v 4)
  5. xiān verb to start
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 开始 (Han Dian '先' v 6)
  6. xiān noun ancestors; forebears
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Genealogy
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 先世 or 祖先 (Han Dian '先' n 3)
  7. xiān adverb earlier
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (Han Dian '先' adv)
  8. xiān adjective before; in front
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 前 (Han Dian '先' adj 1)
  9. xiān adjective fundamental; basic
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Philosophy
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 首要 or 根本 (Han Dian '先' adj 4)
  10. xiān proper noun Xian
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Han Dian '先' n 7)
  11. xiān noun ancient; archaic
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 先代的 (Han Dian '先' adj 2)
  12. xiān adjective super
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 上 (Han Dian '先' adj 6)
  13. xiān adjective deceased
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 死 (Han Dian '先' adj 8)
  14. xiān adjective first; former; pūrva
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: pūrva (BCSD '先', p. 152; MW 'pūrva')

Contained in

Also contained in

先天性先导抢先未卜先知祖先先王之乐先进尽先也先台吉优先认股权欲善其事,必先利其器先声遥遥领先先声夺人领先地位捷足先登先兆先机先皇先圣先下手为强先贤争先先烈先锋优先承购权先见之明先严先知先觉先兵后礼好好先生先后先容先知先汉先有后婚先哲争先恐后开路先锋先进先出先君革命先烈先进水平春江水暖鸭先知王先谦

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 7 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 349
  • Scroll 10 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 335
  • Scroll 5 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 316
  • Scroll 4 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 309
  • Scroll 6 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 300
  • Scroll 2 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 300
  • Scroll 8 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 294
  • Scroll 9 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 292
  • Scroll 1 Miliṇḍapañha (Questions of Miliṇḍa) 那先比丘經 — count: 272
  • Scroll 2 Miliṇḍapañha (Questions of Miliṇḍa) 那先比丘經 — count: 267

Collocations

  • 先宿 (先宿) 我亦曾聞諸先宿言 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 5 — count: 7
  • 先语 (先語) 我先語汝 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 11 — count: 6
  • 先说 (先說) 我亦先說恩愛無常 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 3 — count: 6
  • 先灭 (先滅) 先滅憂 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 8 — count: 5
  • 先问 (先問) 先問其子 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 5 — count: 4
  • 先灭度 (先滅度) 佛先滅度 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 4 — count: 3
  • 先德 (先德) 先德耆舊大婆羅門智者所說 — Sutra on the Great Reliable Brahman (Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing) 大堅固婆羅門緣起經, Scroll 2 — count: 3
  • 一者先 (一者先) 一者先與後奪 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 11 — count: 3
  • 佛先 (佛先) 佛先滅度 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 4 — count: 3
  • 先积 (先積) 吾已先積三日餘粮 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 6 — count: 3