xiān

  1. xiān noun first
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time
    Notes: In the sense of 先前 (Han Dian '先' n 1; Unihan '先')
  2. xiān noun early; prior; former
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time
    Notes: (Han Dian '先' n 5; Unihan '先')
  3. xiān verb to go forward; to advance
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 前进 (Han Dian '先' v 2)
  4. xiān verb to attach importance to; to value
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 重视 (Han Dian '先' v 4)
  5. xiān verb to start
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 开始 (Han Dian '先' v 6)
  6. xiān noun ancestors; forebears
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Genealogy
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 先世 or 祖先 (Han Dian '先' n 3)
  7. xiān adverb earlier
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (Han Dian '先' adv)
  8. xiān adjective before; in front
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 前 (Han Dian '先' adj 1)
  9. xiān adjective fundamental; basic
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Philosophy
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 首要 or 根本 (Han Dian '先' adj 4)
  10. xiān proper noun Xian
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Han Dian '先' n 7)
  11. xiān noun ancient; archaic
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 先代的 (Han Dian '先' adj 2)
  12. xiān adjective super
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 上 (Han Dian '先' adj 6)
  13. xiān adjective deceased
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 死 (Han Dian '先' adj 8)
  14. xiān adjective first; former; pūrva
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: pūrva (BCSD '先', p. 152; MW 'pūrva')

Contained in

Also contained in

先有后婚急先锋近水楼台先得月先行先君先遣队先皇先哲先王有约在先妖孽亦先见先礼后兵先进先辈先汉先验概率先慈率先先知先行词士争先风水先生戴克里先其先祖先意存笔先,画尽意在在先尽先先进武器先见先入为主争先恐后先达捷足先得原先闻风先遁开路先锋先烈先民先发制人春江水暖鸭先知占先先天不足先后先生施教从先优先股先锋先世先斩后奏

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 7 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 349
  • Scroll 10 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 335
  • Scroll 5 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 316
  • Scroll 4 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 309
  • Scroll 6 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 300
  • Scroll 2 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 300
  • Scroll 8 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 294
  • Scroll 9 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 292
  • Scroll 1 Miliṇḍapañha (Questions of Miliṇḍa) 那先比丘經 — count: 272
  • Scroll 2 Miliṇḍapañha (Questions of Miliṇḍa) 那先比丘經 — count: 267

Collocations

  • 先宿 (先宿) 我亦曾聞諸先宿言 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 5 — count: 7
  • 先说 (先說) 我亦先說恩愛無常 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 3 — count: 6
  • 先语 (先語) 我先語汝 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 11 — count: 6
  • 先灭 (先滅) 先滅憂 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 8 — count: 5
  • 先问 (先問) 先問其子 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 5 — count: 4
  • 一者先 (一者先) 一者先與後奪 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 11 — count: 3
  • 佛先 (佛先) 佛先滅度 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 4 — count: 3
  • 先灭度 (先滅度) 佛先滅度 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 4 — count: 3
  • 先起 (先起) 先起後坐 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 3 — count: 3
  • 先德 (先德) 先德耆舊大婆羅門智者所說 — Sutra on the Great Reliable Brahman (Da Jiangu Poluomen Jing) 大堅固婆羅門緣起經, Scroll 2 — count: 3