xiān

  1. xiān noun first
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time
    Notes: In the sense of 先前 (Han Dian '先' n 1; Unihan '先')
  2. xiān noun early; prior; former
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time
    Notes: (Han Dian '先' n 5; Unihan '先')
  3. xiān verb to go forward; to advance
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 前进 (Han Dian '先' v 2)
  4. xiān verb to attach importance to; to value
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 重视 (Han Dian '先' v 4)
  5. xiān verb to start
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 开始 (Han Dian '先' v 6)
  6. xiān noun ancestors; forebears
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Genealogy
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 先世 or 祖先 (Han Dian '先' n 3)
  7. xiān adverb earlier
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (Han Dian '先' adv)
  8. xiān adjective before; in front
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 前 (Han Dian '先' adj 1)
  9. xiān adjective fundamental; basic
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Philosophy
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 首要 or 根本 (Han Dian '先' adj 4)
  10. xiān proper noun Xian
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Han Dian '先' n 7)
  11. xiān noun ancient; archaic
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 先代的 (Han Dian '先' adj 2)
  12. xiān adjective super
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 上 (Han Dian '先' adj 6)
  13. xiān adjective deceased
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 死 (Han Dian '先' adj 8)
  14. xiān adjective first; former; pūrva
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: pūrva (BCSD '先', p. 152; MW 'pūrva')

Contained in

Also contained in

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Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 7 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 349
  • Scroll 10 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 335
  • Scroll 5 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 316
  • Scroll 4 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 309
  • Scroll 6 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 300
  • Scroll 2 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 300
  • Scroll 8 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 294
  • Scroll 9 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 292
  • Scroll 1 Miliṇḍapañha (Questions of Miliṇḍa) 那先比丘經 — count: 272
  • Scroll 2 Miliṇḍapañha (Questions of Miliṇḍa) 那先比丘經 — count: 267

Collocations

  • 先宿 (先宿) 我亦曾聞諸先宿言 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 5 — count: 7
  • 先说 (先說) 我亦先說恩愛無常 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 3 — count: 6
  • 先语 (先語) 我先語汝 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 11 — count: 6
  • 先灭 (先滅) 先滅憂 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 8 — count: 5
  • 先问 (先問) 先問其子 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 5 — count: 4
  • 佛先 (佛先) 佛先滅度 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 4 — count: 3
  • 先灭度 (先滅度) 佛先滅度 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 4 — count: 3
  • 先积 (先積) 吾已先積三日餘粮 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 6 — count: 3
  • 先起 (先起) 先起後坐 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 3 — count: 3
  • 可先 (可先) 可先與我 — Long Discourses (Chang Ahan Jing) 長阿含經, Scroll 2 — count: 3