NTI Reader
NTI Reader

xiān

  1. xiān noun first
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In the sense of 先前 (Han Dian '先' n 1; Unihan '先')
  2. xiān noun early / prior / former
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (Han Dian '先' n 5; Unihan '先')
  3. xiān verb to go forward / to advance
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 前进 (Han Dian '先' v 2)
  4. xiān verb to attach importance to / to value
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Thought 思想
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 重视 (Han Dian '先' v 4)
  5. xiān verb to start
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 开始 (Han Dian '先' v 6)
  6. xiān noun ancestors / forebears
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Genealogy 世系
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 先世 or 祖先 (Han Dian '先' n 3)
  7. xiān adverb earlier
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Social Interaction 交际
    Notes: (Han Dian '先' adv)
  8. xiān adjective before / in front
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Position 位
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 前 (Han Dian '先' adj 1)
  9. xiān adjective fundamental / basic
    Domain: Philosophy 哲学 , Subdomain: Logic 逻辑
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 首要 or 根本 (Han Dian '先' adj 4)
  10. xiān proper noun Xian
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Han Dian '先' n 7)
  11. xiān noun ancient / archaic
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 先代的 (Han Dian '先' adj 2)
  12. xiān adjective super
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 上 (Han Dian '先' adj 6)
  13. xiān adjective deceased
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 死 (Han Dian '先' adj 8)

Contained in

肯尼亚先令索马里先令乌干达先令首先先进优先先生先后事先领先先行争先少先队预先原先祖先先锋先前争先恐后先王先导先天先天性先例先河率先先圣先世先贤先秦先驱最先僧先先声先祖先行词先公赛先生德先生曲先先泥国王不梨先泥十夢经小子先顺那先比丘经大福先寺承先启后算命先生革命先烈遥遥领先女士优先领先地位

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 《大般涅槃經義記》 Scroll 10 373
Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 《大般涅槃經義記》 Scroll 7 354
Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 《大般涅槃經義記》 Scroll 5 318
Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 《大般涅槃經義記》 Scroll 4 314
Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 《大般涅槃經義記》 Scroll 9 306
Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 《大般涅槃經義記》 Scroll 6 302
Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 《大般涅槃經義記》 Scroll 2 301
Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 《大般涅槃經義記》 Scroll 8 298
Miliṇḍapañha (Questions of Miliṇḍa) 《那先比丘經》 Scroll 1 275
Miliṇḍapañha (Questions of Miliṇḍa) 《那先比丘經》 Scroll 2 268

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
先宿 先宿 我曾從先宿諸舊聞如是語 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 3 14
先语 先語 我先語汝 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 11 6
先说 先說 我亦先說恩愛無常 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 3 5
先灭 先滅 先滅憂 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 8 5
可先 可先 可先與我 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 2 3
先积 先積 吾已先積三日餘粮 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 6 3
先起 先起 先起後坐 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 3 3
先灭度 先滅度 佛先滅度 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 4 3
先问 先問 先問其子 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 5 3
一者先 一者先 一者先與後奪 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 11 3