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独 (獨)

  1. adjective alone / independent / single / sole
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 独 is used in this sense as an adjective and as an adverb in Literary Chinese (Guoyu '獨' adj; Kroll '獨' 1; NCCED '独' 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 133; Unihan '獨'). For example, 孟子獨不與驩言 'There is only Mencius who does not speak to me ...' (Mengzi: 8.27/43/27, translation by Legge)
  2. adverb to be independent
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Characteristic 特点
    Notes: In the sense of 专断 (Guoyu '獨' adv 4; Kroll '獨' 3; NCCED '独' 3)
  3. noun an elderly person without children
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Guoyu '獨' n; Kroll '獨' 1b; NCCED '独' 2)
  4. adverb only
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 只 (Guoyu '獨' adv 1; Kroll '獨' 4; NCCED '独' 4)
  5. adverb uniquely
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '獨' 2; NCCED '独' 5)
  6. adjective intolerant
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '独' 6)
  7. adverb lonely
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '獨' 1a)
  8. adverb yet / still
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 偏偏 (Guoyu '獨' adv 2; Kroll '獨' 5)
  9. adverb especially
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '獨' 6)
  10. particle particle suggesting disbelief
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '獨' 7)
  11. noun doucs / douc langurs
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A kind of old world monkey in the genus Pygathrix (Kroll '獨' 8)

Contained in

独立孤独舍卫国祗树给孤独园独木舟独特单独独自独立软件开发商独裁独立自主惟独独子独一无二独乐寺独处独体字给孤独园独语句独家独占独居独体唯独给孤独长者独具匠心独具独龙族独觉乘者独觉孤独地狱独有独步独生子女政策佛说如来独证自誓三昧经如来独证自誓三昧经七俱胝独部法给孤独长者给孤独给独鳏寡孤独独柯多独柯多部只树给孤独园灵光独耀得天独厚独木不成林独尊独到独行独身独夫

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 2 48
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 1 43
Si Fen Lu Xingshi Chao Zi Chi Ji 《四分律行事鈔資持記》 Scroll 3 36
Fo Shuo Wushang Yi Jing 《佛說無上依經》 Scroll 2 34
Sarvāstivādavinaya (Shi Song Lu) 《十誦律》 Scroll 44 33
Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 17 31
Zhi Guan Fu Xing Chuan Hong Jue 《止觀輔行傳弘決》 Scroll 1 31
Si Fen Lu Shan Fan Bu Que Xingshi Chao 《四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔》 Scroll 3 28
Collection of Meanings and Terms in Translation (Fanyi Mingyi Ji) 《翻譯名義集》 Scroll 6 28
Mahīśāsakavinaya 《彌沙塞部和醯五分律》 Scroll 11 27

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
独住 獨住 獨住遠離 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 4 119
远离独 遠離獨 便在遠離獨住 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 17 96
乐独 樂獨 樂獨閑居之所得也 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 13 17
独在 獨在 出家之人獨在空野 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 5 11
独闲居 獨閑居 樂獨閑居之所得也 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 13 8
独坐 獨坐 獨坐自思惟 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 5 5
独安 獨安 有一比丘獨安靖處宴坐思惟 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 45 4
阿难独 阿難獨 佛與阿難獨留 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 2 4
世尊独 世尊獨 世尊獨不聞乎 Nirvāṇa Sūtra 《般泥洹經》 Scroll 2 4
独安静 獨安靜 尊者大目揵連獨安靜處宴坐思惟而便睡眠 Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 20 4