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NTI Reader

niàn

  1. niàn verb to read aloud / to recite
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Language 语言
    Notes: In this sense, 念 means 诵 or 读诵, often but not always to recite from memory. 念 is used in this sense in both modern and literary Chinese. Middle Chinese: nemH (NCCED '念' 1; Kroll '念' 4; Ci Yuan '念' 2)
  2. niàn verb to remember / to expect
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: For example, 伯夷、叔齊不念舊惡 'Bo Yi and Shu Qi did not keep the former wickednesses of men in mind.' (Lunyu 5:23) In this sense, 念 is a transitive verb with the object being the thing remembered (Kroll '念' 2).
  3. niàn verb to miss
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense, is a transient verb in the sense of 怀念 (NCCED '念' 1; GHC '念' 2). It is defined in Shuo Wen, 念:常思也 'Nian: to think of often.' (Shuo Wen '心部')
  4. niàn verb to consider
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: This sense of 念 is similar to 思考 or 考虑 (Kroll '念' 3; Ci Yuan '念' 1; GHC '念' 2)
  5. niàn verb to worry
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 惦记
  6. niàn verb to show affection for
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: This sense of 念 is similar to 爱怜 (Kroll '念' 4)
  7. niàn noun a thought / an idea
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: This sense of 念 is similar to 念头 (Ci Yuan '念' 3). For example, 念終始典于學 'The thoughts from first to last should be fixed on learning.' (Classic of Rites, Record on the Subject of Education 《禮記‧學記》 , trans. Legge)
  8. niàn number twenty
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: This sense of 念 is the same as 二十 or 廿 (Ci Yuan '念' 4; GHC '念' 4).
  9. niàn noun memory
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Synonym discussion: this sense of 念 is the same as 记忆 (Kroll '念' 2)
  10. niàn noun mindfulness / smṛti
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教 , Concept: Mental Factor 心所
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: smṛti, Pāli: sati. Mindfulness is understood as awareness or presence of mind, a key concept in Buddhist meditation theory. It is the third of the pañcabala 'five powers' (Kroll '念' 1).

Contained in

纪念日理念纪念诵念观念悬念概念杂念留念想念念头怀念念书思念信念悼念祷念挂念念珠志念正念四念住人民英雄纪念碑纪念馆老舍纪念馆念佛念经念诵念佛禅无念默念系念恶念万念俱灰动念纪念品纪念堂忆念念佛观忆念胜四念处四止念四念一念三千念佛会意念念持护念影护念念住念处经

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Sarvāstivādavinaya (Shi Song Lu) 《十誦律》 Scroll 29 188
Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 25 186
Jietuo Dao Lun 《解脫道論》 Scroll 7 170
Dasheng Yi Zhang 《大乘義章》 Scroll 16 169
Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 Scroll 46 126
Guannian Emituo Fo Xiang Hai Sanmei Gongde Famen 《觀念阿彌陀佛相海三昧功德法門》 Scroll 1 121
Sāgaranāgarājaparipṛcchā (Fo Wei Suo Jia Luo Long Wang Suo Shuo Dasheng Jing) 《佛為娑伽羅龍王所說大乘經》 Scroll 2 115
Pañcaviṃśatisāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā Sūtra 《放光般若經》 Scroll 17 113
Dasheng Yi Zhang 《大乘義章》 Scroll 12 110
Bhadrapālasūtra (Ban Zhou Sanmei Jing) 《般舟三昧經》 Scroll 1 108

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
善思念 善思念 善思念之 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 1 16
王念 王念 羅呵阿須倫王念我 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 20 13
念乐 念樂 念樂時不 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 10 8
善念 善念 有梵志名曰善念 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 14 8
念食 念食 猶以念食 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 6 8
念觉意 念覺意 一者修念覺意 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 2 7
帝释念 帝釋念 今帝釋念我 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 20 7
念一心 念一心 常念一心 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 13 7
念天 念天 六者念天 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 2 6
念行 念行 我今寧可不為念行 Dīrghāgama 《長阿含經》 Scroll 17 6