1. noun bitterness; bitter flavor
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Food and Drink , Concept: Flavor 味道
    Notes: One of the 五味 'five flavors', the opposite of 甜 'sweetness' (Guoyu '苦' n 1)
  2. noun hardship; suffering
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: For example, the idiom 苦中作乐 'to enjoy in spite of hardship' (Guoyu '苦' n 2; Unihan '苦')
  3. verb to make things difficult for
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 受累 or 为难 (Guoyu '苦' v 1)
  4. noun sorrow; duḥkha; dukkha; suffering
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: duḥkha, Pali: dukkha, Japanese: ku; Tibetan: sdug bsngal. Duḥkha is the unsatisfactory nature inherent in all conditioned phenomena. 苦諦 'The truth of suffering' is the first of the 四聖諦 'four noble truths,' a fundamental teaching of Buddhism (BL 'duḥkha', p. 270-271; FGDB '苦'); FGS translation standard: Sorrow
  5. verb to train; to practice
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 磨鍊 (Guoyu '苦' v 2)
  6. verb to suffer from a misfortune
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 患 (Guoyu '苦' v 3)
  7. adjective bitter
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Food and Drink
    Notes: (Guoyu '苦' adj 1; Unihan '苦')
  8. adjective grieved; facing hardship
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 艰辛; for example, 苦日子 'hard times' (Guoyu '苦' adj 2)
  9. adjective in low spirits; depressed
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 愁闷; for example, 愁眉苦脸 'to look anxious' (Guoyu '苦' adj 3)
  10. adverb assiduously; to do one's best; to strive as much as possible
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 尽力 (Guoyu '苦' adv; Han Dian '苦' adj 7)
  11. adjective painful
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 痛 (Han Dian '苦' adj 4)

Contained in

Also contained in

甘苦秘鲁苦蘵孤苦伶仃变苦氯化苦苦荬菜苦日子苦头疾苦苦精哑巴吃黄连,有苦说不出苦参苦役含辛茹苦诉苦苦情何苦吃苦耐劳苦竹苦事吃苦叫苦不迭苦瓜脸苦主苦活

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

  • Scroll 16 Abhidharmajñānaprasthānaśāstra (Apidamo Fa Zhi Zu Lun) 阿毘達磨發智論 — count: 308
  • Scroll 5 Da Ban Niepan Jing Yi Ji 大般涅槃經義記 — count: 242
  • Scroll 44 Yogācāryabhūmiśāstra (Yujia Shi Di Lun) 瑜伽師地論 — count: 180
  • Scroll 22 Notes on the Abhidharmakośabhāṣya 俱舍論記 — count: 169
  • Scroll 15 Xian Yang Shengjiao Lun 顯揚聖教論 — count: 163
  • Scroll 22 Commentary on the Abhidharmakośabhāṣya 俱舍論疏 — count: 160
  • Scroll 24 Abhidharmajñānaprasthānaśāstra (Apitan Ba Jiandu Lun) 阿毘曇八犍度論 — count: 159
  • Scroll 6 Satyasiddhiśāstra (Cheng Shi Lun / Treatise of Establishing Reality) 成實論 — count: 157
  • Scroll 7 Bodhisattvabhūmi (Pusa Xing Chi Jing) 菩薩地持經 — count: 154
  • Scroll 1 Catuḥsatyaśāstra (Si Di Lun) 四諦論 — count: 148

Collocations

  • 苦不乐 (苦不樂) 不苦不樂 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 4 — count: 11
  • 苦阴 (苦陰) 緣此苦陰 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 1 — count: 8
  • 大苦 (大苦) 是為此大苦陰緣 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 10 — count: 7
  • 苦想 (苦想) 六者無常苦想 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 2 — count: 6
  • 咸苦 (鹹苦) 海水鹹苦有三因緣 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 21 — count: 6
  • 忧悲苦 (憂悲苦) 憂悲苦不如意惱 — Nirvāṇa Sūtra 佛般泥洹經, Scroll 1 — count: 5
  • 无常苦 (無常苦) 六者無常苦想 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 2 — count: 5
  • 见苦 (見苦) 不能見苦 — Sangītisūtra 大集法門經, Scroll 2 — count: 5
  • 苦报 (苦報) 煩惱苦報墮三惡道 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 6 — count: 5
  • 舍苦 (捨苦) 捨苦捨樂 — Dīrghāgama 長阿含經, Scroll 17 — count: 4