NTI Reader
NTI Reader

Glossary and Vocabulary for Ekottarāgama 《增壹阿含經》, Scroll 44

Contents

  1. Keywords
  2. Proper Nouns
  3. Glossary

Keywords

Top keywords ordered by frequency in comparison to occurrence across the entire corpus

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
轮宝 輪寶 lún bǎo cakra-ratna / wheel treasures
大比丘 dà bìqiū a great monastic / a great bhikṣu
三世 sān shì past, present, and future
姓字 xìngzì surname and cognomen
无数劫 無數劫 wúshǔ jié innumerable kalpas
毘婆尸 Pípóshī Vipaśyin / Vipassī / Vipasyin Buddha
  1. puṇya / puñña
  2. guṇa
瞋恚 chēnhuì wrath / dveṣa / dosa
尔时 爾時 ěr shí at that time
欲界 yù jiè realm of desire

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
阿罗汉 阿羅漢 Āluóhàn Arhat
阿难 阿難 Ānán Ānanda / Ananda
白王 Bái Wáng Shuddhodana / Suddhodana
百劫 bǎijié Baijie
般涅槃 Bān Nièpán parinirvāṇa / parinirvana
宾头卢 賓頭盧 Bīntóulú Pindola / Piṇḍola / The Tiger Subduing Arhat / Pindolabharadvaja
城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong
慈氏 Císhì Maitreya
大迦叶 大迦葉 Dà Jiāyè Mahakasyapa / Mahākāśyapa / Mahākassapa / kasyapa
大目乾连 大目乾連 Dàmùqiánlián Moggallāna / Maudgalyāyana
地神 Dì Shén Earth Goddess / an earth spirit
东晋 東晉 Dōng Jìn Eastern Jin Dynasty
东方 東方 dōngfāng The East / The Orient
兜率 Dōushuài Tuṣita / Tushita / Tuṣita Heaven
兜率天 Dōushuàitiān Tusita Heaven / Tuṣita / Tushita / Tuṣita-deva / Tuṣita Heaven / Tuṣita gods
法王 Fǎ Wáng Buddha
梵摩 Fànmó Brahma
梵天 Fàntiān Brahma
梵志 fànzhì Brahmin / Brahman
法身 Fǎshēn Dharmakaya / Dharmakāya / Dharma Body
佛母 fómǔ
  1. Buddha's mother
  2. a bodhisattva / a consort
  3. Prajñāpāramitā
  4. Dharma
佛世尊 fóshìzūn Buddha, the world-honoured / bhagavat
佛音 fóyīn Buddhaghoṣa / Buddhaghosa
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
惠施 huìshī Hui Shi
迦叶 迦葉 jiāshè
  1. Kāśyapa / Kasyapa / Kassapa
  2. Mahākāśyapa / Kāśyapa / Kasyapa / Kassapa
迦叶佛 迦葉佛 Jiāyè Fó Kāśyapa Buddha / Kasyapa Buddha / Kassapa Buddha
罽賓三藏瞿昙僧伽提婆 罽賓三藏瞿曇僧伽提婆 Jìbīn Sān Zàng Qútán Sēngjiātípó Gautama Saṅghadeva / Saṃghadeva / Sajghadeva
镜清 鏡清 jìngqīng Jingqing
拘楼孙 拘樓孫 jūlóusūn Krakucchanda
拘那含牟尼 Jūnàhánmóuní Kanakamuni Buddha
龙王 龍王 Lóng Wáng Dragon King / Naga King
罗云 羅雲 Luóyún
  1. Rahula
  2. Rāhula
  3. Luoyun
  4. Rāhula
弥勒 彌勒 Mílè Maitreya
弥勒佛 彌勒佛 Mílè Fó Maitreya
弥勒菩萨 彌勒菩薩 Mílè Púsà Maitreya Bodhisattva
目连 目連 Mùlián Moggallāna / Maudgalyāyana
毘婆尸 Pípóshī Vipaśyin / Vipassī / Vipasyin Buddha
毘舍 Píshè Vaiśya
婆罗门 婆羅門 Póluómén Brahmin / Brahman
  1. common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive
  2. Prussia
  3. Pu
七宝 七寶 qī bǎo the Seven Treasures / the Seven Precious Jewels
只树给孤独园 祇樹給孤獨園 Qíshùgěi gūdú yuán Anāthapiṇḍada’s park at Jetavana
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
如来 如來 Rúlái Thus-Come (tathagata) / Tathāgata / Thus Come One
三恶道 三惡道 Sān è Dào Three Lower Realms / Three Hell Realms
三十三天 Sān Shí Sān Tiān Heaven of the Thirty-Three Gods / The Heaven of Thirty-Three Gods / Trāyastriṃśa Heaven / Tāvatiṃsa Heaven
三尊 sān zūn the three honored ones
刹利 剎利 Shālì Kṣatriya / Kshatriya / Kashtriya / Ksatriyah
善财 善財 Shàncái Sudhana
声闻 聲聞 shēngwén Sravaka Realm / Sravaka / Śrāvaka / a distinguished disciple of the Buddha
舍卫国 舍衛國 Shèwèi Guó Śrāvastī / Sravasti / Savatthi
释迦 釋迦 Shìjiā Sakyamuni Buddha
释迦文佛 釋迦文佛 Shìjiāwén Fó Sakyamuni Buddha
世尊 Shìzūn World-Honored One / Bhagavat / Bhagavān / Buddha
四天王 Sì Tiānwáng Four Deva Kings / Four Heavenly Kings
他化自在天 Tā Huà Zìzai Tiān Paranirmita-Vasavartin Heaven
天帝 Tiān Dì Heavenly Emperor / God
头城 頭城 tóuchéng Toucheng
贤劫 賢劫 xián jié bhadrakalpa / the present kalpa
学道 學道 xuédào examiner
须弥 須彌 Xūmí Mt Meru / Sumeru
须陀洹 須陀洹 Xūtuóhuán Srotaāpanna / Sotapanna / Stream-Enterer
阎浮 閻浮 Yǎn Fú Jambudvipa / Jambu-dvipa / Jambu-dipa / the Terrestrial World
  1. abbreviation for Iraq or Iran
  2. Yi
  3. he / she
  4. Yi River
藏人 Zàngrén Tibetan (person)
增壹阿含经 增壹阿含經 Zēng Yī Āhán Jīng Ekottara Āgama / Ekottarāgama
正平 zhèngpíng Zhengping reign
中说 中說 zhōng shuō Zhong Shuo
中国 中國 Zhōngguó
  1. China
  2. Middle Kingdom
众僧 眾僧 zhòngsēng Saṅgha / Sangha / Buddhist monastic community
zhòu
  1. daytime
  2. Zhou
  3. Zhou
自在天 zìzaitiān
  1. Mahesvara / Mahesvara Deva / Mahissara
  2. Paranirmita-Vasavartin Heaven

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 265.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
爱敬 愛敬 ài jìng Love and Respect
广 ān vaipulya / vast / extended
八十种好 八十種好 bā shí zhǒng hǎo eighty noble qualities
百八 bǎi bā one hundred and eight
白佛 báifó to ask Buddha
bào indirect effect / judgement / retribution
宝藏 寶藏 bǎozàng the treasure of Buddha's law
彼岸 bǐ àn the other shore / Nirvāṇa / Nirvana
biàn everywhere fragrant / paricitra
比丘 bǐqiū Bhiksu / a monk / bhikṣu / bhikkhu
  1. a bowl / an alms bowl / patra / pātra
  2. an alms bowl / patra / pātra / patta
不害 bù hài non-harm
不净 不淨 bù jìng Impurity / dirty / filthy
不善 bù shàn akuśala / akusala / unvirtuous / unwholesome / inauspicious
不生 bùshēng
  1. nonarising / anutpāda
  2. nonarising / anutpāda
不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith
cáng
  1. piṭaka / canon / a collection of scriptures
  2. garba / matrix / embryo
  3. kośa / kosa
  4. ālaya / dwelling / residence
chán
  1. meditative concentration / dhyāna / jhāna
  2. Chan
禅定 禪定 chándìng
  1. Meditative Concentration / meditation
  2. to meditate
cháng constant / persistent / long-lasting / eternal / nitya
成道 chéng dào Awakening / to become enlightened / to become a Buddha
成等正觉 成等正覺 chéng děng zhèngjué attain perfect enlightenment
成佛 chéng Fó to become a Buddha
成就 chéngjiù
  1. to attained / to obtain
  2. to bring to perfection / complete
  3. attainment / accomplishment / siddhi
尘垢 塵垢 chéngòu
  1. dirt / filth
  2. mental afflictions
  3. secular affairs
  4. a very small particle
瞋恚 chēnhuì wrath / dveṣa / dosa
持律 chí lǜ a maintainer of monastic discipline
出家 chūjiā leaving home / to become a monk or nun
Loving-Kindness
realm / destination
大比丘 dà bìqiū a great monastic / a great bhikṣu
大戒 dà jiè full ordination / upasaṃpanna / upasaṃpadā
大千 dà qiān trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu / a great chiliocosm / trichiliocosm / the cosmos
大德 dàdé
  1. most virtuous / bhadanta
  2. Great Virtue / Yaññadatta
大国 大國 dàguó a major country
dài an element
dān a meditation mat
dào the path leading to the cessation of suffering
道法 dào fǎ the method to attain nirvāṇa
大王 dàwáng great king / mahārāja
大藏 dàzàng Buddhist canon
  1. puṇya / puñña
  2. guṇa
等正觉 等正覺 děng zhèngjué samyaksaṃbodhi / perfect enlightenment
di
谛观 諦觀 dìguān to observe closely
dìng meditative concentration / meditation
  1. pāramitā / perfection
  2. to save / to rescue / to liberate / to overcome
  3. ordination rhythm
饿鬼 餓鬼 È Guǐ ghost / hungry ghost / preta
尔时 爾時 ěr shí at that time
  1. a dharma / a dhárma / a natural law / teachings
  2. a mental object / a phenomenon / dharma / a thought
  3. quality / characteristic
法供养 法供養 fǎ gōngyǎng serving the Dharma / dharmapūjā
法眼净 法眼淨 fǎ yǎn jìng
  1. purity of the dharma eye / to clearly see the truth
  2. Pure Dharma Eye
犯戒 fàn jiè to break the precepts
梵行 fànxíng brahmacarya / pure practices / religious life
发心 發心 fàxīn
  1. to make a vow to acheive supreme enlightenment / to act with bodhicitta
  2. Resolve
法住 fǎzhù dharma abode
分别 分別 fēnbié
  1. kalpanā / thought / imagination
  2. vikalpa / discrimination / conception
奉法 fèng fǎ to act with reverence for the Dharma
  1. of Buddhism
  2. a statue or image of a Buddha
  3. a Buddhist text
佛说 佛說 Fó shuō
  1. buddhavacana / the Buddha's teaching
  2. the Buddha's has explained
佛法 fófǎ the power of the Buddha
佛教 Fójiào the Buddha teaches
佛境 fójìng world of the Buddha / realm of the Buddha
佛灭度 佛滅度 fómièdù Buddha's Nirvāṇa
佛母 fómǔ a bodhisattva / a consort
gài a hindrance / an obstacle / nivāraṇa / nīvaraṇāni
gāi a nayuta
gèng contacts
供养 供養 gòngyǎng to make offerings / to provide offerings / to worship
guān
  1. mindfulness / contemplation
  2. insight / vipaśyanā / vipassanā
guǒ direct effect / phala / a consequence
国土 國土 guótǔ kṣetra / homeland / land
和合 héhé Harmony
huā to collect alms
欢喜 歡喜 huānxǐ Joy
huì intellect
huì a religious assembly
毁法 毀法 huǐ fǎ persecution of Buddhism
gatha / hymn / verse
  1. the origin of suffering
  2. desire / greed / craving
jiàn view / perception / dṛṣṭi / diṭṭhi
讲堂 講堂 jiǎng táng a lecture hall
jiè
  1. precepts / a vow
  2. Precepts / morality
jié a kalpa / an eon
jiè dhātu / a realm / a field / a domain
结加趺坐 結加趺坐 jiéjiā fūzuò to sit cross-legged
解脱 解脫 jiětuō liberation / emancipation / vimokṣa
jīng a sutra / a sūtra
jìng
  1. vyavadāna / purification / cleansing
  2. śuddha / cleansed / clean / pure
  3. viśuddhi / purity
  4. Pure
精进 精進 jīngjìn
  1. Diligence / Perseverance / vīrya
  2. Be Diligent
禁戒 jìnjiè a vow
to raise an example
具足 jùzú complete / full / perfect
Sorrow / duḥkha / dukkha / suffering
苦际 苦際 kǔjì limit of suffering
苦行 kǔxíng to practice ascetism
赖吒 賴吒 làizhà rāṣṭrapāla / protector of a kingdom / king
兰若 蘭若 lánrè
  1. a forest retreat / a secluded place to practice / araṇya / arañña / aranya
  2. temple / monastery
transcendence
两舌 兩舌 liǎng shé double-tongued speech / slander / divisive speech
利根 lìgēn natural powers of intelligence
利人 lìrén to benefit people
龙华 龍華 Lóng Huà the three dragon-flow assemblies
lòu outflow / flow / influx / discharge / āsrava
lùn a treatise / a thesis / śastra
轮宝 輪寶 lún bǎo cakra-ratna / wheel treasures
罗刹 羅剎 luóchà a demon / rākṣasa
罗汉 羅漢 Luóhàn Arhat
罗婆 羅婆 luópó an instant / lava
monastic discipline / vinaya
mián torpor / drowsiness / middha
miào
  1. subtle / mysterious / profound / abstruse / beyond conception
  2. Wonderful
miè the cessation of suffering
灭度 滅度 mièdù to extinguish worries and the sea of grief
míng wisdom / vidyā
命根 mìnggēn the effort to preserve life
evil / vice
摩竭 mójié makara
南无佛 南無佛 nán wú Fó Homage to the Buddha
niàn
  1. memory
  2. mindfulness / smṛti
pǐn chapter / varga
平等心 píngděng xīn an impartial mind
婆罗 婆羅 póluó
  1. pāla / warden / keeper / guardian
  2. bāla / power
菩萨 菩薩 púsà bodhisatta
前世 qián shì former lives
契经 契經 qìjīng a sutra / a sūtra / a scripture / a discourse
qín diligence / perseverance / vīrya
清净 清凈 qīngjìng
  1. pure / cleansed / purified of defiling illusion / viśuddhi
  2. Purity
clinging / grasping /upādāna
劝化 勸化 quànhuà
  1. to persuade / to urge virtue
  2. to persuade to donate
取灭度 取滅度 qǔmièdù to enter Nirvāṇa / to pass away
取着 取著 qǔzhe grasping / attachment
rěn tolerance / patience
仁爱 仁愛 rén'ài Benevolence and Love
忍辱 rěnrǔ
  1. patience / tolerance / ksānti
  2. to tolerate disgrace and insult / to have patience
肉身 ròushēn the physical body
如来出现 如來出現 rúlái chūxiàn Manifestation of Buddha
ruò re
三宝 三寶 Sān Bǎo The Triple Gem / triple gem / three treasures / ratnatraya
三结 三結 sān jié the three fetters
三乘 sān shèng three vehicles / triyāna / triyana
三世 sān shì past, present, and future
三十二相 sān shí èr xiāng the thirty two marks of excellence / the thirty-two characteristic marks
三昧 sānmèi samādhi / concentrated meditation / mental concentration
三行 sānxíng
  1. the three karmas / three set phrase
  2. the three kinds of action
三自归 三自歸 sānzìguī to take refuge in the Triple Gem
form / matter
sēng
  1. a monk
  2. saṅgha / saṃgha / Buddhist community
僧伽梨 sēngjiālì sanghati
沙门 沙門 shāmén a Buddhist monk / a wandering monk / a shramana / a sramana / renunciant / mendicant
shàn
  1. kuśala / kusala / virtuous
  2. shan
善男子 shàn nánzǐ a good man / a son of a noble family
善女人 shàn nǚrén a good woman / a daughter of a noble family
善思 善思 shàn sī Think Wisely
善本 shànběn virtuous roots / wholesome roots / kuśalamūla
善法 shànfǎ
  1. a wholesome thing / a beneficial dharma
  2. a wholesome teaching
上座 shàngzuò sthavira / elder
善习 善習 shànxí virtuous habits / good habits
杀生 殺生 shāshēng to kill
刹土 剎土 Shātǔ kṣetra / homeland / country / land
舍利 shèlì ashes or relics after cremation
shēn body / kāya
shēng birth
生天 shēng tiān highest rebirth
圣众 聖眾 shèngzhòng holy ones
shì the meaning of a word / relating to the phenomenal world
shī master
shì loka / a world
shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna
十恶 十惡 shí è the ten evils
十戒 shí jiè ten 0recepts
十想 shí xiǎng ten notions
实有 實有 shí yǒu in reality there is
释种 釋種 shì zhǒng Śākya-seed / the disciples of Śākyamuni Buddha
shòu feelings / sensations
受持 shòuchí to accept and maintain faith / to uphold
说法 說法 shuō fǎ to teach the Dharma / to expound Buddhist teachings / dharma-desana
说戒 說戒 shuōjiè
  1. explation of the precepts / upoṣadha
  2. half monthly confession
书写 書寫 shūxiě to copy
vicāra / vicara / sustained application / sustained thinking / selectiveness / subtle discernment / discernment
temple / monastery / vihāra
四等心 sì děng xīn four immeasurables / four immeasurable minds / four immeasurable states of mind / brahmavihāra-niddesa
四事供养 四事供養 sì shì gōngyǎng the Four Offerings
四大 sìdà the four great seeds / the four great elements / mahābhūta
四事 sìshì the four necessities
思惟 sīwéi reflection / consideration / cintana
所行 suǒxíng actions / practice
tān
  1. greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā
  2. Greed / passion / desire / rāga
贪欲 貪慾 tānyù attachment / passion / desire / raga
天子 tiānzǐ devaputra / the son of a god
听法 聽法 tīng fǎ to hear the Dharma / to listen to the teachings of the Buddha
通利 tōng lì sharp intelligence
头陀 頭陀 tóutuó elimination of defilements through ascetic practice / dhūta
往诣 往詣 wǎngyì go towards
未曾有 wèi céng yǒu Abdhutadharma (miracles) / abdhutadharma
维那 維那 wéinà weinuo / karmadana / vinaya master / discipline master
围遶 圍遶 wéirào to circumambulate
闻法 聞法 wén fǎ to hear the Dharma / to listen to the teachings of the Buddha
self / ātman / attan
mo
五戒 wǔ jiè the five precepts
无常 無常 wúcháng impermanence / anitya / anicca
无上道 無上道 wúshàn gdào supreme path / unsurpassed way
无生 無生 wúshēng anutpāda / unproduced / non-arising
无数劫 無數劫 wúshǔ jié innumerable kalpas
无为 無為 wúwèi unconditioned / asaṃskṛta
无我 無我 wúwǒ
  1. selflessness / non-self / anātman / anattā
  2. No Self
xián bhadra
xiāng
  1. lakṣaṇa / countenance / personage / quality / character / disposition
  2. nimitta / a sign / a mark / appearance
  3. a perception / cognition / conceptualization / a notion
xiǎng notion / perception / cognition / conceptualization / saṃjñā / samjna
香华 香華 xiāng huà incense and flowers
降神 xiáng shén subduing the spirits
懈怠 xièdài slackness / laziness
邪见 邪見 xiéjiàn mistaken view / wrong view / perverse view / mithyādṛṣṭi / micchādiṭṭhi
xīn citta / thinking / thought / mind / mentality
信根 xìn gēn faith / the root of faith
心开意解 心開意解 xīn kāi yì jiě All Queries Resolved and Knots Disentangled
xíng
  1. mental formations / saṃskāra / sankhara / that which has been put together / volition / volitional formations / conditioned states / habitual actions
  2. practice / carita / caryā / conduct / behavior
  3. to practice
形寿 形壽 xíngshòu lifespan
姓字 xìngzì surname and cognomen
宿 xiǔ from former lives
xiū
  1. bhāvanā / spiritual cultivation
  2. pratipatti / spiritual practice
修行 xiūxíng
  1. pratipatti / spiritual practice
  2. bhāvanā / spiritual cultivation
xué a learner
虚妄 虛妄 xūwàng not real / illusory
karma / kamma / karmic deeds / actions
manas / mind / mentation
一会 一會 yī huì one assembly / one meeting
一偈 yī jì one gatha / a single gatha
一类 一類 yī lèi the supreme way / the path leading to enlightenment
一劫 yījié one kalpa
yīng to accept
应现 應現 yīngxiàn for a Buddha or bodhisattva to appear as a living being
因缘 因緣 yīnyuán
  1. Cause and Condition / principal and secondary causes / chain of cause and effect / primary cause / nidāna
  2. Nidana (expositions of causes) / a story of an occasion in the Buddhha's life
  3. a passage in a sūtra describing the setting
yǒu becoming / bhāva
yōu you
有道 有道 yǒu dào Have a Path
游化 遊化 yóuhuà to travel and teach
有漏 yǒulòu having flow / pain / affliction / vexation / defilement / bhavāsrava / āsrava
desire / intention / interest / aspiration
欲界 yù jiè realm of desire
玉女宝 玉女寶 yù nǚ bǎo precious maiden
yuàn a vow
愚痴 愚癡 yúchī The Poison of Ignorance
云海 雲海 yúnhǎi Cloud Ocean
在家 zàijiā lay person / laity
koan / kōan / gong'an
增减 增減 zēngjiǎn increase or decrease
zhāi
  1. to abstain from meat or wine
  2. a vegetarian diet / vegetarian food
  3. to give alms
  4. to fast
  5. a temple hostel
zhe to attach / to grasp
正见 正見 zhèng jiàn
  1. Right Understanding / Right View
  2. Right View
正教 zhèng jiāo correct teaching
正法 zhèngfǎ
  1. Right Dharma / Saddharma
  2. Age of Right Dharma / The Period of the True Dharma
正意 zhèngyì wholesome thought / thought without evil
zhǐ calm abiding / cessation / śamatha
智慧 zhìhuì
  1. wisdom / prajñā
  2. jñāna / knowledge
  3. Wisdom
至真 zhìzhēn most-true-one / arhat
众会 眾會 zhònghuì an assembly of monastics
众生 眾生 zhòngshēng beings / all living things / all sentient beings
中有 zhōngyǒu an intermediate existence between death and rebirth
zhù to attach / to abide / to dwell
诸法 諸法 zhū fǎ sarvadharma / all things / all dharmas
zhuǎn Turn
庄严 莊嚴 zhuāng yán
  1. to adorn / to perfect
  2. Dignity
自相 zì xiāng individual characteristics